Health and Social Care Unit 6

Diseases and disorders and illnesses - 6

Bronchitis, Cystic Fibrosis, Vit D Deficency, Osteoporosis, Huntington's Disease and Ataxia

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  • Created by: Lisa
  • Created on: 19-09-12 11:33

Which Disease/ Disorder/ Illness has a cough which

Bronchitis - it is the infection of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi) which causes them to become flamed and irritated.

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Which Disease/ Disorder / illness increase the ris


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Name and explain the 3 main types of Axatia?

  • acquired ataxia – where the symptoms develop suddenly as a result of trauma, injury or a health condition, such as a stroke, that causes damage to the cerebellum or nervous system
  • hereditary ataxia – where the symptoms develop slowly over many years and are caused by underlying problems with the genes that a person inherits from their parents
  • idiopathic late onset cerebellar ataxia (ILOA) – where the cerebellum is progressively damaged over time for reasons that are still unclear
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What disease can Mucolytics be used?


  • a type of medication called mucolytics can be used to make mucus easier to cough up
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Who can acquire Huntington's Disease? Be Specific

Both men and women with a family history of Huntington's can inherit the disease. Symptoms usually start to show during adulthood. 

Juvenile (children's) Huntington's disease develops before age 20. Only 5-10% of people with Huntington's develop the condition at a very young age, and the pattern of features may be different.

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When would you use a DEXA scan and what would you

Osteoporosis - DEXA scan are used for bone density scan and will show whether a patient has Osteoporosis.

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What are the Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficency? What

Bone Pain and Muscle weakness.

Low blood levels can lead to increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease.

Cogntive Impairment


Severe athsma in children.

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Why does Vitamin D Deficency occur?

Your exposure to sunlight is limited. Because the body makes vitamin D when your skin is exposed to sunlight, you may be at risk of deficiency if you are homebound, live in northern latitudes, wear long robes or head coverings for religious reasons, or have an occupation that prevents sun exposure. You have dark skin. The pigment melanin reduces the skin's ability to make vitamin D in response to sunlight exposure. Some studies show that older adults with darker skin are at high risk of vitamin D deficiency.

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