health and social humn life span and develpoment

gross motor skills

gross motor skills involve the movment of the large muscles in the body.

enable functions like:

walking running jumping crawling

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fine motor skills

fine motor skill relate to the ablity to coordernate the smaller muscles in the body like the:

fingers toes wrists lips tongue

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fine motor skills- infantcy

gripping, manipulation and hand eye coordernation.

pincer grip- the finger and thumb are used together to pick up an objectseen from newborn

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gross motor skill- infantcy

palmer grasp reflex- an object is placed in the palm, the fingers reflex to surround the object.seen from newborn

raking grasp- use finger and palm to scoop up object

these use the hand but is classed as gross motor skill due to the lack of control

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gross motor skill- early childhood

gross motor skill performed is more complex, repuire more control over muscles.

often invlove coordernation of one or more limbs.

can be done quicker and more efficiently

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fine motor skill- early childhood

dexterity - skill, ease and consitantcy using the hands.

the abilty to use the fingers and thumb to complete tasks such as:

fasting buttens

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physical development- early adulthood

physical peak - muscles at thier strongest, highest level of stamina/ fitness

pregnancy and lacation occur- increase in oestrogen = sickness

hormones effect- shape and apparence of breasts. darkened vains due to increase in blood supply.breasts become sensitive and tender- prepearing to produce milk

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physical development- early adulthood 2

permenopause - oestrogen levels decrease caruses overies to stop producing an egg every month.

reduction in oestrogen caruses physical symtems like:hot flushes night sweats

viginal dryness/ pain during intercource - courses loss of libido

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physical development- middle adulthood

middle age spread- eating the same amount of calories but having a reduction in activity levels = weight gain

loss of skin elacticity- the cource of wrinkles

loss of muscle tone and strength- muscle atrophy happens due to reduction level of activity a natural sign of old age

 

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physical activity- middle adulthood 2

menopause- overies reduce their production of oestrogen cources trigger in the symptoms of menopause. symptoms: hot flushes night sweats menstrustion stops viginal dryness loss of libido.

infertile women are classed as being in the menopause after having no period for 12 month

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physical development- middle adulthood 3

loss of mobility- loss of muscel tone = reduction in the ability to control large muscel/ gross motor skills are harder to demenstrate

loss of dextaria- reduction in fine motor skills harder to complete tasks that invove the hands like handwrighting

loss or shrinkage of nerve cells in the brain- can course physical issues as cannot complete daily task and can effect the memory eg memory loss

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physical devepment- middle adulthood 4

visual and hearing problems- easily fall and prone to accidents, unable to complete daily tasks and strugel to hear and see things clealy

organs are more likely to catch diseases esspecaly the heart

loss of hight- changes in posture and compression of teh spinal disc and joints means that people reduce in hight

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physical development- adolecence

female primary changes-

uterus enlargens and the vagina widens

overies begin to release eggs

menstral cycel commence

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physical development- aderocecence 2

female secondry changes-

hair gross in armpit and public area

reduction of body fat courses hips to widen

breasts develope and the areole sweals and darkens

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physical development- adelolcence 3

male primary changes- the testicals beging to produce sperm begining of edjaculation

enlargment or peins and testicals

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physical development- adelolcence 4

male secondary changes-

reduction of muscle tissue and fat

hair grows in armpit, public area and facial hair

changes in laynex ( adams apple) cources voice to deppen

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physical development- later adulthood

aging procces contubuits to loss of strenghth and muscel

mobility and dextariaty become more difficult as small changes to the brain include loss or shrinkage of nurve cells and slowing of movments and responces

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