health and safety in sports and leisure facilities

Types of emergencies that could occur and where

FIRE - CAFE

POWERCUT - RECEPTION/COMMUNAL AREA

DROWNING - SWIMMING POOL

CHEMICAL SPILL - POOL/CHANGING ROOMS

ACCIDENT OR INCIDENT - PLAYING FIELD/SPORTS HALL/GYM

GAS LEAK - CAFE

MISSING PERSON - COMMUNAL AREA/PLAYING FIELD

SUSPECTED BOMB - COMMUNIAL AREA

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STAFF RESPONSIBILITIES DURING EMERGENCIES

MANAGER

  • locate alarm
  • coordinate staff whether to evacutate
  • proceed to assesmbly point
  • check all staff are present
  • make sure everyone is calm
  • report to emergency services

RECEPTIONIST

  • making PA annoucements 
  • contacting emergency services if required
  • sounding alarms

LIFEGUARD

  • evacuating the pool
  • guiding customers to exits
  • checking changing rooms are empty
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REPORTING EMERGENCIES

THE HEALTH AND SAFETY (FIRST AID) REGULATION1981....

states that employers are required by law to maintain a first aid book.

anytime first aid is given within a health and leisure facility, it must be logged in the first aid accident book

RIDDOR...Reporting of Injuries,Diseases and Dangerous Occurences Regulations 2013...

HSE states that anytime a serious incident occurs in a workplace ,reports should be made directly to the health and safety executive.

What needs reporting?...

  • death in workplace
  • injuries to workers/employees
  • injuries to non- workers that result in hospitalisation
  • injuries that involve people missing more than a week of work
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REPORTING EMERGENCIES 2

REGULATORY REFORM (FIRE SAFETY) ORDER 2005....

States that all business must keep a FIRE LOG BOOK including records of:

  • fire risk assessments 
  • equipment checks
  • emergency action plans
  • maintain fire safety measures

What must go in the FIRE LOG BOOK....

  • summary of fire checks and tests carried out by manager
  • fire alarm tests 
  • fire extinguisher inspections 
  • evacutation drills
  • staff training record
  • summary of checks and tests carried out by fire service engineer
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DUTY OF CARE

ROLE - Coach/Leader/PE Leader

How could duty of care be fulfilled....

  • check playing area and equipment is safe
  • ensure participants are wearing correct kit (protective clothing/equipment)
  • ensure particpants understand/are able to do what is required of them
  • supervise participants appropriately 
  • know and be able to follow emergency procedurers

ROLE - participant/performer

How duty of care might fulfilled....

  •  has carried out /followed warm up
  • is dressed appropriately 
  • follows direction from those in charge
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COACHES LEGAL/ETHICAL/MORAL RESPONSIBILITIES

LEGAL....

  • access to first aid facilities
  • be able to contact emergency services
  • follow taching/health and saftey guidlines
  • DBS checked
  • hold appropriate coaching qualifications 
  • have appropriate insurance
  • treat everyone equally

ETHICAL/MORAL...

  • create a healthy and safe emotional environment, free f fear , discimination ,abuse and harassment
  • model good citizenship and sportsmanship
  • respect the rules of the game/activity
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DUTY OF CARE 2

*Ensure target groups / special population groups are treated equally

Target groups:

  • under 16s
  • over 50s
  • disabled
  • anternatal woman
  • postnatal woman
  • unemployed

Ways to esnure target groups are treated equally...

  • plan sessions appropriate to level of leaners
  • treat everyone fairly/fair access
  • realistic expectations of pupils ability
  • no discrimation against those individuals from special population groups
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LEGISLATIONS 1

HEALTH AND SAFETY EXECUTIVE (HSE)

HSE provides the workplace with H&S guidlines

Employer’s responsibilities (including Public Liability insurance)

-Provide public liability insurance

-Provide 1st aid in the workplace

-Provide EAPs

-Use signage and posters to promote H&S

-Carry out Risk assessments

-Report accidents and incidents (RIDDOR)

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LEGISLATIONS 1

-Employee responsibilities -Employees have a duty to take care of the health and safety of others in the workplace -They must also cooperate with employers and co-workers to meet legislations -Fire safety

Employers must carry out Fire Risk Assessments and keep them up-to-date.

They must take the following measures to ensure fire safety:

-Keep sources of ignition and flammable substances apart (pool/cleaning chemicals)

-Have correct fire-fighting equipment to put out fires

-Know how to detect a fire and notify people – having fire alarms in place -Keep fire exits and routes clearly marked and unobstructed -Ensure appropriate training for staff -Review and update Risk Assessments regularly

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LEGISLATIONS 2

EQUALITY ACT 2010...

This act is in place to ensure employers and employees ensure equality across aspects of the leisure industry.

ACCESS - access to and from centres (fire exits) for all vunerable groups - elderly/disabled

FACILITIES - must be in place to allow vunerable groups to access their provision

STAFF TRAINING - prove staff training for all employees to ensure they are able to provide equal treatment to all vunerable groups

DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT (DDA)

Bans disability discrimination by employers against disabled employees and users. employers have a duty of care to provide services for disabled clients with the main aspects covered being; employment , access to facilities and membership.

employers must ensure - access to facilities, staff training & disabled friendly equipment

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LEGISLATIONS 3

DATA PROECTION ACT 1998

Controls how organisations, business or the government uses your personal information. Everyone responsible for using personal data must follow strict rules called 'data protection principles'

DBS - disclosure and barring service 

DBS ensures that employers make safer recruitment decisions. prevent unsuitable people from working with vunerable groups such as children.

DBS are responsible for:

  • criminal record checks 
  • deciding whether indivduals are placed on a 'barred persons list'
  • placing or removing people from the 'barred persons list'
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LEGISLATIONS 4

CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH (COSHH) REG. 2002

control hazardous substance in the workplace such as chlorine in swimming pools and cleanng chemicals

employers are responsible for taking effective measures to control exposure to chemicals and protect peoples health

HAZARD CHECKLIST :

  • does the product have a danger label
  • is the substance harmful to breath in
  • can it harm skin
  • can it cause harm when used
  • can you use it in a different way to contol harm
  • how can you stop/prevent harm to the user
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SECURITY PROCEDURES

CCTV - at enterance , commonal areas & car park to help prevent theft & help to identify potential security threats.

LOCKERS IN CHANGING ROOMS - ensure clients' belongings are safe while they use the centre

MEMBERSHIP INFORMATION - helps centre staff to identify clients/ victims/ culprits if an emergency occurs

STAFF CHECKING PROCEDURES - ensure that staff coming in contact with clients and their children are not a threat

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HAZARD AND RISK

A HAZARD IS...

"something that could cause injury or harm"

Types of hazards:

ENVIRONMENTAL - slip/trip , faulty equipment , weather , clothing/footwear

BIOLOGICAL - waste , infection , animal faeces

CHEMICAL - cleaning materials for changing rooms / cafe , chlorine

PSYCHOLOGICAL - stress, fatigue, drug/alcohol abuse

RISK ASSESSMENT - A way to prevent any potential accident or injury by helping people to consider what could go wrong. 

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HAZARD AND RISK 2

What does a risk assesement look like....

  • possible hazards that may occur in each environment
  • the likelihood of them happening ( level of risk )
  • how the hazards could be prevented

control measures are put in place to prevent hazards ( protective clothing )

Types of risk assessment :

  • generic - commonly identifed hazards and control measures
  • site - actual site , activity and the relevant hazards
  • dynamic - continous process of identifying hazards/ assessing risk / taking action to eliminate and review risk / monitoring and reviewing in the changing circumstances of an incident
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HAZARD AND RISK 2

What does a risk assesement look like....

  • possible hazards that may occur in each environment
  • the likelihood of them happening ( level of risk )
  • how the hazards could be prevented

control measures are put in place to prevent hazards ( protective clothing )

Types of risk assessment :

  • generic - commonly identifed hazards and control measures
  • site - actual site , activity and the relevant hazards
  • dynamic - continous process of identifying hazards/ assessing risk / taking action to eliminate and review risk / monitoring and reviewing in the changing circumstances of an incident
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WAYS TO MINIMISE RISK

  •  Clear health and safety polices and procedures ( first aid book , report forms, evacuation precedures)
  • display health and safety signs / information clearly
  • deal with potential hazards promptly
  • PPE 
  • keep procedures up to date
  • starf training & supervision 
  • process for staff and dealing with customer feedback

CONTROLS

AUDITORY - warnings, alarms and customer information announcements 

PROCEDURAL - evacutaion procedures , setting alarms , locking chemicals away

PHYSICAL - locked containers for chemicals , fences, PPE

VISUAL - signs , posters

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ROLES IN MANAGING RISK

MANAGER : staff training - ensure staff are competent to perform their jobs/ emergency procedures. Carry out staff training , replace faulty equipment , supervise staff

FIRST AIDER: monitor first aid supplies - allows 1st aider to successfully deal with accidents/ injuries. keep training up to date , update contact details

LIFEGUARD : monitor hazards/risk and behaviour at poolside - prevent accidents

RECEPTIONIST : keep accurate records of who's in the building - allows staff to flag potential hazrads from occurring

COACH/INSTRUCTOR : risk assess own area/activity - spot potential hazrads and prevent them from occurring. risk assessment , safe equipment

HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICER : update polices & communicate changes - keep staff aware of changes. risk assesments

FIRE OFFICER : monitor evacuation routes - procedures are carried out safely

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FIRST AID REQUIREMENTS

FIRST AID LEGISLATION - HEALTH & SAFETY (FIRST AID) REG. 1981

All businesses must provide adequate and appropriate first aid equipment, facilities and people so that first aid can be administered immediately in the case of an accident , injury or illness.

PROVISION FOR FIRST AID

The minimum first aid provision on any work site is ...

  • stocked first aid kit
  • appointed person to take charge of first aid arrangements
  • employers must assess their need to provide first aid
  • their assessment wll determind the number of first aid personnel the work place requires & the type of qualifications needed
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FIRST AID REQUIREMENTS 2

Roles & responsibilites of a first aider:

  • prevent firther danger to themselves , others and assist the injured person
  • prevent delay in recovery of the patient
  • contacting emergency services
  • prevent harmful intervention
  • prevent the patients's condition becoming worse
  • providing 1st aid treatment to preserve life
  • provide first aid NOT MEDICAL AID
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EMERGENCY FIRST AID AT WORK

PROVIDING EMERGENCY FIRST AID AT WORK :

  • providing cross infection
  • administer CPR - 30 chest compressions ,2 rescue breaths ,repeat until regained consciousness or taken over
  • adminster 1st aid to a choking casualty - encourage to cough ,2-5 back slaps ,3-5 chest thrusts , repeat if necessary
  • administer 1st aid to a wounded/bleeding casualty
  • recording incidents and accidents and actions taken
  • provide 1st aid for minor injuries
  • assess the situation to deal with the emergency promptly
  • use equipment available
  • adminster 1st aid to a casualty who is suffereing from shock 
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EMERGENCY FIRST AID AT WORK 2

what needs to go in a first aid box :

  • information leaflet 
  • 3 pairs of disposable gloves
  • 4 triangular bandages 
  • 2 sterile eye pads 
  • 6 medium -sized sterile unmedicated dressings 
  • 2 large individually wrapped sterile unmedicated dressings 
  • 6 safety pins
  • 20 individualy wrapped sterile plasters
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SAFEGUARDING

Protecing children from maltreatment (cruel / violent treatment). 

Ensuring that children growing up in circumstance consistent with the provision of safe and effective care.

Preventing impairment of childrens health and development

Taking action to enable all children and young people to have the best outcomes.

CHILDREN AND VUNERABLE ADULTS.

Protection against allegations of abuse:

  • avoid 1 - to - 1 situations
  • staffing ratios
  • act appropraitely  
  • recorded injury in incident book witnessed by another adult
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SAFEGUARDING 2

THE LAW :

"Employers must ensure that the correct checks are carried out anf appropriate training is given to staff members to ensure they understand the importance of safeguarding"

REQUIREMENTS IN A WORK PLACE:

  • staff training - given safeguarding training , make sure everyone is aware of polices and procedures to protect themsleves and safeguard children
  • safeguarding policies - accessall policies relating to safeguarding
  • adherence to legislation - aware of legislation such as mental capacity act 2005 & understand issues that may need to be dealt with
  • clear lines of accountability - staff need to know the chain of command / who to report to
  • designated safeguarding lead- who is incharge , help / deal with situations
  • effective recruitment and selection of staff - DBS , criminal record ,career/experience
  • arrangements to share information with other organisations - local & national organisations
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ABUSE

Any act or failure to act that endangers the physical or emotional health of an individual

PHYSICAL - Any intentional act causing injury or trauma to another person. Signs - reoccurring injuries , unexplained bruises ,aggressive behaviour , refusal to undress for exercise.

EMOTIONAL - Is the ongoing emotional maltreatment of an individual. e.g rejection , bullying ,name calling ,intimidation , deliberate humiliation. Signs - self harm , fear of making mistakes, developing speech impediments, unable to socialise with others

SEXUAL - individual is pressurised , forced or tricker into taking part in any kind of sexual activity with an adult or young person. e.g masturbation , oral sex, kissing. Signs - mood swings , inappropriate sexual behaviour , STIs , sexual knowledge

NEGLECT - individual fails to meet a childs basic needs which could result in the serious impairment of the childs health and development. e.g. no food , shelter , clothing. Signs - lack of energy, poor hygiene , hunger , weight loss , inappropriately dressed.

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ABUSE 2

Written reports

  • date/time
  • name,adress & DOB
  • nature of allegation
  • discription of visable injuries
  • observations - behaviour , physical/emotional state
  • what was said and what you replied
  • sign and date what has been recored
  • action taken as a result of the concerns

organisations involved in safeguarding children & vunerable adults:

  •  child protection in sport unit (cpsu)- minimise risk to children during sports
  • social services - obligation to safeguard/ promote welfare of vunerable children
  • NGBs - own safeguarding procdures e.g wavepower 
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