- bars 1-44
- 1st subject - D minor.
- 2nd subject - F major (relative major)
- bars 45-80
- developed 1st subject, syncopated idea - use of sequence, F major.
- circle of 5ths - Bass part = Bb, E, A, D, G, C#, F, B - String of perfect cadences.
- Sequence of the same melody.
- Dominant pedal and variation of plainsong/2nd subject (bars 65-68)
- bars 81-125.
- 2nd subject - D major (tonic major)
- 1st subject extended by 4 bars.
- Inner dominant pedal - bars 95-99.
- bars 126-133.
1 of 6
- Wrote over 104 symphonies (very popular in the classical period)
- He was the Director of Music to Prince Esterhazy who had his own orchestra of about 13 players.
- This symphony was first performed in 1786 at a concert for the prince, probably to show off his wealth and culture.
2 of 6
- Detailed articulation and dynamics - staccatto etc.
- 2 oboes.
- 1 bassoon.
- 2 horns in D (natural horns so limited notes)
- 1st violins (probably 2)
- 2nd violins (probably 2)
- Viola (generally doubles cello)
- Violoncello (may have been doubled by double bass)
- Cembalo (Harpsichord improvising chords to bolster thin textures)
- Texture was quite thin as lots of instruments are doubling.
- Became unnecessary as orchestra grew.
3 of 6
- Plainsong chant based on a well known part of a passion.
- bars 17-38 oboe and 2nd violin.
- It would have beeen recognised by the public.
- Words refer to the passion setting
- In bars 37 (semiquavers) and 40-41 (wide leaps) the music echoed an exciting crowd as Jews called for Jesus to be crucified.
4 of 6
- STURM UND DRANG (STORM AND STRESS)
- fast tempo
- loud dynamics
- minor key
- suspensions in the 1st subject
- appoggiaturas (bar 16 - E, bar 42 - F)
- sudden contrasts
- wide leaps
- bold diminished 7th chords (bars 13 and 69)
5 of 6
- Bar 26 - oboes and 2nd violins have the theme, 1st violins decorate the theme.
- Heterophony = layers that originate from one single theme.
6 of 6
Similar Music resources: