Haiti - LIDC Earthquake Case Study

  • Created by: idavila
  • Created on: 12-06-19 21:40

Location & Key Facts

Location

  • Caribbean, South East of the USA
  • Conservative plate margin - North American sliding past Caribbean
  • Shallow focus - 5 miles
  • Epicentre 16 miles from Port-au-Prince

Key Facts

  • 12th January 2010
  • 7.0Mw on richter scale
  • 15th most corrupt country in the world
  • Life expectancy 63
  • 80% in absolute poverty
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Impacts

Social

  • 316,000 people died
  • 1 million made homeless
  • 3 million affected by the quake
  • 250,000 homes destroyed
  • Hospitals and morgues quickly filled, bodies piled up on the streets
  • Main prison destroyed and 4000 inmates escaped
  • 50+ hospitals and 1300+ schools badly damaged
  • People were forced into shanty towns where disease and looting were prevalent

Economic

  • 20% of people lost jobs
  • Largest industry (textiles) was one of the worst effected
  • Presidents Palace and 60% of government buildings destroyed
  • Transport and communication links disrupted
  • Airports control tower damaged
  • $8.5 billion in damage
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Impacts

Environmental

  • Natural hazards have helped to shape the landscape
  • Sea level changed
  • 19 million m^3 of debris found in Port-au-Prince; 50% not cleared 4 years after

Political

  • Elections postponed multiple times
  • Large proportion of population could not vote due to lack of accessibility
  • Unstable, corrupt government prior to the event
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Responses

Short Term

  • $100 million from the US
  • $330 million fro EU
  • 810,000 placed in aid camps
  • 115,000 tents and 1,000,000+ tarpaulin covers provided
  • Locals were forced to rescue eachother for the first 4-5 days
  • 4.3 million provided with food rations in the following weeks

Long Term

  • 98% of road rubble not cleared
  • 1 million still homeless after 1 year
  • IDM to invest $42 million to improve mitigation
  • Temporary schools created with trainee teachers
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