Before the Wall
- Armies of the roman empire first set foot on the main land of Britain in 55BC led by Julius Ceasar.
- Claudius then launched a full blown invasion in 43AD
- Northern england was occupied by the Brigantes tribe at the time
- Early in the Conquest they were allies of the romans under their queen Cartimandua but her consort led a revoltagainst the romans in AD57
- Brigantia was invaded by Governor Petillius Agricola in AD70 who then started bulding forts in the area
- The next push was from Governor Agricola AD 77-83
- He built many forts in the low lands of scotland and south west england
- Other forts were planned in highlands of scotland E.g Inchtuthil
- However the Dacian frontier became troublesome in 80AD and the roman army was gradually withdrawn
- By 90AD the forts to the north of Forth-Clyde were abandoned.
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- Emperor Trajan was busy occupying Dacia and he appeared to have no interest in Britain.
- Therefore the line was retreated further to the Tyne-Solway order or on the Stanegate.
- Under Trajan,The five forts along the road were strengthened and intermediate forts were added.
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- Trouble was brewing in britain
- Hadrian visited britain in 122AD and he directed an extensive wall, known to posterity as Hadrians wall, to be built close to the line of the frontier.
- Construction of the wall started in AD122
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