H A Pritchard
- We all recognise properties and when we ought to do something
- Two types of thinking:
- Recognised that people have different morals.
- He explains this by the fact that some people have developed their moral thinking more than others.
- He states that in a situation of conflict of obligations we should use our intuition.
- He does not say that our intuition can prove goodness.
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- Develops Pritchard's ideas
- States his debt to Moore and Pritchard but goes on to say that obligatory is also ethical language that cannot be defined.
- Deontologist- he says that it's obvious that certain actions were right.
- Prima Facie duties:
- Duties of fidelity- promise-keeping
- Duties of reperation- when we have done something wrong
- Duties of gratitude
- Duties of justice
- Duties of beneficience- helping others
- Duties of self-improvement
- Duties of non-malificience- not harming others
- Ross does not explain how you decide when we duties clash from the fact that you should choose which you think is the best course of action to take.
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Criticisms of Intuitionism
- Cannot infer value judgements.
- Our emotions and practical wisdom that gives us intuition.
- How can we decide between our intuitions?
- Hard to see how such intuitions can be a reliable guide to objective truths.
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