Meta-Ethics- Intuitionism

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  • Created by: Paige
  • Created on: 25-11-13 15:23

H A Pritchard

  • We all recognise properties and when we ought to do something
  • Two types of thinking:
  • Reasoning
  • Intuition
  • Recognised that people have different morals.
  • He explains this by the fact that some people have developed their moral thinking more than others.
  • He states that in a situation of conflict of obligations we should use our intuition.
  • He does not say that our intuition can prove goodness.
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W.D. Ross

  • Develops Pritchard's ideas
  • States his debt to Moore and Pritchard but goes on to say that obligatory is also ethical language that cannot be defined.
  • Deontologist- he says that it's obvious that certain actions were right.
  • Prima Facie duties:
  • Duties of fidelity- promise-keeping
  • Duties of reperation- when we have done something wrong
  • Duties of gratitude
  • Duties of justice
  • Duties of beneficience- helping others
  • Duties of self-improvement
  • Duties of non-malificience- not harming others
  • Ross does not explain how you decide when we duties clash from the fact that you should choose which you think is the best course of action to take.
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Criticisms of Intuitionism

  • Cannot infer value judgements.
  • Our emotions and practical wisdom that gives us intuition.
  • How can we decide between our intuitions?
  • Hard to see how such intuitions can be a reliable guide to objective truths.
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