Gulf Of Mexico Oil Spill

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 09-06-13 11:19

Location and When?

20th April 2010 a deep water oil well exploded in the Gulf of Mexico of the coasts of Louisiana, Misssissippi, Alabama and Florida

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Environmental Impact

  • Oil leaked at a rate of 40,000 barrels a day
  • Plants and animals were completley covered in oil
  • More than 400 spieces living in the Gulf Islands and marshlands were at risk including endangered spieces like the Kemp's Ridley Turtle, the Hawksbill and Leatherback turtle
  • Loss of wetland grasses and reduction of fish stock
  • Bluefin tuna spawning grounds covered in oil
  • 3000 dead birds, 500 dead sea turtles and 64 dead dolphins
  • Ecosystem could require years and decades to recover
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Economic Impact

  • Economic impact on tourism was  loss of $23 billion so BP exectuatives created a $20 billion response fund
  • Tourists cancelled holiday so local businesses suffered but some hotels /resturaunts were saved from complete decline by the clear up operators however they didn't use the same services so did not support econamy
  • Cost to fishing industry was $2.5 billion leading to closed fisheries
  • 58,000 of Louisianas jobs is in the oil industry and it has created  260,000 oil related jobs which is 17% of all Louisianas jobs and many lost thier jobs
  • BP allocated $100 million for unemployed offshore workers
  • 50,000 claims for lost income filed of which 10,000 were paid totalling 80 million
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  • Massive response ensued to protect beaches, wetlands and esturaies from the spreading oil using skimmer ships, floating booms, controled burns and 1.84 US gallons of Coretexit oil dispersant
  • President Obama announced that his administratuon would create a $20 billion oil spill response fund
  • Responders used 5.5 million feet of boom, a barrier placed in water to ollect and abosrb oil
  • Insitu burning in a controlled area on the surface of the water which released a lot of green house gases
  •  BP exectuatives created a$20 billion response fund
  • BP allocated $100 million for unemployed offshore workers
  • 50,000 claims for lost income filed of which 10,000 were paid totalling 80 million
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