Growth of the Nazi party: Nazi party 1919-1923

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  • People dissatisfied with the Wiemar Republic up until 1923.
  • The army.
  • Police.
  • Small businesses.
  • Workers.
  • Lower class.


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Key People

  • Ernst Rӧhm; scar faced an bull necked soldier.
  • Herman Goering; the wealthy hero from the German Air Force.
  • Anton Drexter; the leader of the DAP in 1919.
  • Rudolf Hess; the wealthy academic who became Hitler's deputy.
  • Julius Streicher; the founder of another Nazi Newspaper, 'Der Stürmer.'
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Key beliefs/policies

  • Against communists and socialists, of whom they blamed for bringing down the Kaiser.
  • Against Weimar politicians who had accepted the Versailles Treaty.
  • Against the weakness of all democracies.
  • Against the Jews, whom they blamed for undermining German economy.
  • To scrap the Treaty of Versailles.
  • To expand Germany, giving people 'Lebensraum'- living space.
  • To deprive Jews of German citizenship.
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Main Events

  • 7 August 1920, at Hitler's suggestion, the DAP changed their name to the National Socialist German Worker's Party, or the NSDAP or the more famous nickname, the Nazi Party.
  • Mid 1921, Hitler pushed aside Drexter (Nazi leader of the time) to become the party Führer (leader).
  •  In 1921, the Sturmabteilung- the SA, or stormtroopers, were set up, with Ernst Rӧhm in charge. It was the party's private army.
  • The swastika became the emblem and so did the arm salute.
  • Membership increased to 3000 during 1920, so the used their funds to buy a newspaper- the 'Volkicher Beobachter' for 18,000 marks.
  •  In 1923, the most loyal members of the SA joined the SS- the Stosstrupp or Shock troops.
  • Munich Putsch in 1923- Hitler was arrested and sentenced 5 years, but only served 12 months.
  • From Autumn 1919 to June 1920, members grew from 40 to 1100.
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