Group Display in Aggression
- Xenophobia- The fear and hatred of strangers- (Wilson)
- Wong- this favoures natural selection, as people would be tolerant to their own group, but would be defensive against strangers. This would also help avoid attack.
- Poladari and Balestri found tendencies of group display in Italian football crowds. Xenaphobic football organisations such as the northern league lead crows to extreme right wing tendencies.
- Territoriality-Theprotective resopnseto the invasion of ones privacy. seen in aminals.
- Huntingford andTurner- This mimics the threats seen in modern day football. For example simoen rugby teams adopted war chants pror to a game as a way of defending their ground.
- Tesosterone- Increased testosterone in aggressive behaiver. Football teams playing at home more liley to win due to increased testosterone.
- Warfare-Difficult to understand why an organism that is trying to survive would go into war.
- Foldesi-Hungarian football crowds, found racist conduct led to voilant behaviour
- Lewis- fans contribute to the home advantage
- Pollard, Pollard- home advantage still exsits in small crowds
- Moore, american basket ball teams, home advantage despite no spectators due to measels epidemic
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