Grace- Jeff Buckley (1994)

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 22-05-13 15:05

STRUCTURE

1. Intro, Verse 1, Pre-Chorus, Chorus

2. Link, Verse 2, Pre-Chorus II, Chorus II

3. Middle 8

4. Link, Verse 3, Outro

MIDDLE 8: Uses multitracked vocal harmonies in the 1st half and uses Telephone EQ in the 2nd  half on 'my fading voice sings..'

VERSE 3: Not the same melody as verse 1 and 2. 

OUTRO: Vocalisations, falsetto (high G) and vocal slides.

LINK: Repeated intro.

PRE-CHORUS II: Now with added plucked strings.

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TONALITY AND HARMONY

Song is in E MINOR

-There is tonal ambiguity because the introduction seems like it is in D, so the E minor key only becomes clear halfway through the first verse.

MODAL FEEL

Power chords are used (only the 1st and 5th notes are used)

Harmonies are often DISSONANT

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INSTRUMENTATION

The guitar is tuned to 'Drop D' - means the bottom E string has been re-tuned to a D. 

Jeff Buckley has a very wide vocal range.

Use of:

  • Drum kit
  • ALL guitars (bass, electric, acoustic)
  • Synthesiser
  • Backing vocals
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TECHNOLOGY

Distortion and flanger on guitars (the goat effect)

Modulation on the synth (wibbly-wobbly effect)

EQ in the final verse, removes lower frequencies of Buckleys voice.

Telephone EQ in the Middle 8 part 2

Drone on guitar.

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RHYTHM, METRE AND TEMPO

The metre is 12/8- compound quadruple time.


Frequent cross rhythms and syncopation.


steady tempo- 64bpm.

There are no written dynamics- dynamics are affected by texture.

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TEXTURE AND TIMBRE

TEXTURE

melody and accompaniment.

In the Middle 8 there are muli-tracked voices which make it POLYPHONIC.

-Also determined on how many instruments are playing.

TIMBRE

-BUCKLEY SCREAMS AND HUMS TO ALTER THE TIMBRE OF HIS VOICE.

-GLISSANDO ON THE GUITAR.

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MELODY AND WORD SETTING

Vocalisations.

Word painting:   'cries' - use of a falling 5th, sounds like crying

'pain' and 'leave'- sung at a very high register, sounds painful 

'slow'- set to a long note.

Vocal phrases are falling, representing the melancholy mood of the song.

Sung part has an improvised quality and a wide range. 

Melisma used to emphasise certain words eg. 'love' and 'fire' 

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Comments

Samuel Richardson

A really useful simple set of introductory notes on the song 'Grace'. Key points are highlighted or in colour, but not always defined, so make sure you combine this with a more detailed set of notes. 

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