7 Roles of the Legislature?
- To represent people
- To make legislation
- To control taxation and government expenditure
- Scrutinizes the work of the government
- To debate and deliberate
- To legitimise the whole political process
- Recruit and train government members
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membership of commons? Lords? hereditary? life? bi
- 92 hereditary peers
- 707 life peers
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3 Representative functions?
- The commons is freely and fairly chosen by those whom he or she represents
- Acts on behalf of those who they represent
- Should represent everyone including minorities and women
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Female MPs, 1979? 2012? pop?
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Ethnic minorities, 2005? 2010? pop?
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8 Process of passing a bill?
- First Reading
- Second reading
- Committee stage
- Report stage
- Third reading
- The house of Lords: first, second, report stage, third reading
- Back to the House of Commons
- Royal Assent
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4 Is Parliament a good legislator?
- Parliament has considerable scope, able to pass constitutional amendments
- Parliament can pass legislation very quickly in times of crisis
- Legislative scrutiny works well, thorough process
- Almost all government bills become law
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bills passed, 2000-2001? 2009-2010?
- 21 bills passed
- 35 bills passed
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5 Bad legislator?
- Plt does very little more than rubber- stamp government proposals
- Bills can be passed through too quickly
- Wrong to launch into constiutional reform on basis of simple plt majorities
- Legislative scrutiny not effective, due to fact they are the same party
- Little opportunity for backbench and opposition MPs to propose subjects for legislation
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Example of a bill being passed too quickly? when?
- Dangerous Dogs Act
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5 ways Legislative scrutinises executive
- Questions to ministers for oral answers
- Questions for written answers
- Departmental select committes
- Public Accounts committee and National Audit office
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