government paper, the Legislature

Legislature

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7 Roles of the Legislature?

  • To represent people
  • To make legislation
  • To control taxation and government expenditure
  • Scrutinizes the work of the government
  • To debate and deliberate
  • To legitimise the whole political process
  • Recruit and train government members
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membership of commons? Lords? hereditary? life? bi

  • 650
  • 825
  • 92 hereditary peers
  • 707 life peers
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3 Representative functions?

  • The commons is freely and fairly chosen by those whom he or she represents
  • Acts on behalf of those who they represent
  • Should represent everyone including minorities and women
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Female MPs, 1979? 2012? pop?

  • 3%
  • 22%
  • 51%
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Ethnic minorities, 2005? 2010? pop?

  • 2%
  • 4%
  • 8%
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8 Process of passing a bill?

  • First Reading
  • Second reading
  • Committee stage
  • Report stage
  • Third reading
  • The house of Lords: first, second, report stage, third reading
  • Back to the House of Commons
  • Royal Assent
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4 Is Parliament a good legislator?

  • Parliament has considerable scope, able to pass constitutional amendments
  • Parliament can pass legislation very quickly in times of crisis
  • Legislative scrutiny works well, thorough process
  • Almost all government bills become law
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bills passed, 2000-2001? 2009-2010?

  • 21 bills passed
  • 35 bills passed
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5 Bad legislator?

  • Plt does very little more than rubber- stamp government proposals
  • Bills can be passed through too quickly
  • Wrong to launch into constiutional reform on basis of simple plt majorities
  • Legislative scrutiny not effective, due to fact they are the same party
  • Little opportunity for backbench and opposition MPs to propose subjects for legislation
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Example of a bill being passed too quickly? when?

  • Dangerous Dogs Act
  • 1991
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5 ways Legislative scrutinises executive

  • PMQs
  • Questions to ministers for oral answers
  • Questions for written answers
  • Departmental select committes
  • Public Accounts committee and National Audit office
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