Globalisation and Crime #8

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  • Created by: Muy
  • Created on: 11-04-13 18:15

Globalisation

Globalisation is interconnectedness of socieities with the advancements of technoloigy e.g. cheap air travel

Held et al found theres been a spread of transnational organised crime

Castell argues global criminal economy is worth over £1 trillion per annum, drug trade worth $400 billion, money laundering $1.5 trillion

Globalisations created new insecurities e.g. asylum seekers in the UK causing tightening of border control

Taylor (Marxist) argues gloalisations increased inequality, e.g. corporations can use low wage labour, tax evasion (Starbucks in the UK) etc.

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Green crime

Referring to environmental crime

Beck argues threats to humans are larely now human made rather than natural disaster

Increase in technology has created manufactured risks in which many can harm the environment e.g. climate change or nuclear weapon

Green criminology is more radical as it focuses on harm over criminal law as laws differ between states... Some of the worst enviromental crimes for instance aren't illegal

Green crimonology therefore is subjective, traditional crimonology is objective (rigid definitions)

Most naton states hold the view that the economy should come before the environment, Green crimonologists however believe environment effects humans too

Primary green crime is direct degradation of Earth, e.g. water pollution

Toxix industries is expensive, businesses can use illegal dumping (eco-mafias) or shipping waste to LEDCs for cheaper

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State crime

Crime perpetrated by state agencies such as genocide, war crime or torture

McLaughlin identified 4 state crimes - political, economical, social and security/police

States power enables ;arge scale crimes e.g. genocide, and the ability to conceal it... Also the state defines what is criminal making it harder for the UN to intervene

Individual has natural rights e.g. right to life, these rights act as a protectment against the state e.g. The Bill of Rights in the USA

Schewndinger argues regardless of laws, if the state practices anything against human rights it should be criminal e.g. sexism or imperialism 

Stan Cohen argues the state conceals human right crimes e.g. torture in the UK or Guantanamo Bay

- Dictatorships merely deny these actions

- Democratic states attempt to legitimate their actions e.g. for national security

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