Globalisation and Crime



refers to the way in which the world has become more interconnected and cultural and political boundaries have broken down which were once separated countries are now dissolving

Castell defines global crimes such as armed, people/ drugs/ trafficking, sex tourism, nurclear material, drugs and money laundering and and cyber crime with child sex

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Globalisation creates crime at both ends of the sp

according to Taylor

at the lower end of the spectrum there is lack of legitamate employment caused bu outsourcing to cheap labour therefore people turn to illegitamate opportunities

higher-increase of tax evasion insider trading and wide scale fraud

taylor argues that the growing disparity between the rich and poor forces to turn to crime and destroys self respect, also deregulation of financil movements to avoid tax expoitation long hours with poor conditions

he argues globalisation has led to changes in patterns in the extent to crime created greater inequality

TNCs have switched manufacturers so therefore job insecurity unemployment and poverty, Gov lost control of the economy due to regulation

however, not everyone turns to crime, cant generalise, reductionist

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Criminal organisations

Glocal - small scale - new forms or organisations, global dimension but routed in a local context e.g the ddrug trade

Misha Glenny identifies a link between criminal org and globalisation in what he calls the mcmafia

MC MAFIA- org which emerged at the collapse of communism, widespread deregulation except fro natural goods. the wealthy russians could buy these at a fixed price but could sell on market for 40x more- created a new capitalist class in russia- obligarchs

they had continuing growth and needed prootecting, they hired mafias often mamde up of ex KGB or cirminals, based on pursuit for wealth and profit. they were able to expand and make links to invest globally for more wealth

Hobbs and Dunningham found crime is organised by being linked to economic changed brought by globalisation

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Crimes of Globalisation

Rothe and Friedrich examine the role of international financial organisations such as the IMF and world bank in what they call crimes of globalisation

these institutions are dominated by major capitalist state 188 member countries but just 5 hold a third of voting rights

impose pro capiltalist neo liberal economic structural programmes on poor countries as a condition for loans they provide

they argue it causes cuts in gov spending and privatisation of publicly owned services such cuts lead to reduced provision and increase unemloyment affecting poorest in society the most

Maureen argues in some cases the IMF and world bank act as a global state and whilst may not break any laws action can cause widespread social harm

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