Global Poverty - conclusions

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 05-05-14 14:03


...No Development without security and no security without development...Security includes: food security, knowledge that time and money in education will lead to improved life, knowledge that health care will avaliable

Security:- that provided by law and a stable, well governed and well policed society. This is essential before people are willing and able to invest in building for future. If not, people are too concerned with day to day protecting of themselves, family and property. 

Development is about distributing wealth among all members of the population so that quality of life improves. This means education, health (especially infant health) are improved and the surest way of improving this is by involving women. Development has to be sustainable. Its a waste of money and effort to improve conditions for people today if those improvements are at the expense of the environment that will need to support them in years to come

There cannot be any long-term security for people who do not own any land and cannot be sure that they will be able to grow enough crops or earn enough money to see them through the year: or for people who live in constant fear of losing everything in a natural disaster; or for people who cannot rely pn having their children innoculated against common childhood killer diseases, or people who do not think that its worth sending their children to school because they cannot be sure that the school will be able to provide teachers or other resources

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Appropriate Technology:- PATH

Each year, 57million women worldwide give birth without the help of a healthworker, usually at home where the risk of infection is high. 1600 women die per day of pregnancy/childbirth. 2600 new-borns die from infection each day. The clean-delivery kit is a simple approach to reducing these deaths as it helps women and new-borns avoid life threatening infections.

Over the years, the NGO PATH has developed kits in Bangladesh, Eygpt and Nepal. Most kits contain a bar of soap for hand washing, a plastic sheet (delivery service), string for tying the umbilical cord and pictoral instructions on sequence of delivery events and hand-washing. Research and field-testing during development ensured the cultural acceptability of kits. In Nepal, for example, it is tradition to cut the cord on a coin so kits contain a plastic rupee as a clean cord-cutting surface. 

Once in place, PATH conducted interviews and role-plays to gauge the resopnses of women who had used them. Mothers and birth attendants generally appreciated the kits and found them affordable. PATH quantified the positive impacct on women and children in Tanzania. Results suggested that women who used the kits were substantially less likely to develop infections. Infants were also much less likely to develop cord infections.

PATH's goal is to make sure the kits are avalible to the women who need them. It does this by building the capacity of local organisations and small businesses to produce or sell kits. In Egypt, PATH helped community health promoters develop a plan to use kits as an income - generating activity that would contribute to their health programmes. In Nepal, it gave local woman-owed business a head start - within a years  sales increased form 28,000 - 46,800 kits per year, contributing to the long-term stability of the company.

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