The Treaty of Versailles 1919
100,000 Soldiers. 6 Battleships. No Airforce. No Conscription. Rhineland demilitarized
£ 6.6 Billion in reparations.
Colonies given to Britain and France as Mandates
Rhineland demilitarized. Saarlaand run LON - Plebiscite in 15 years.
Independence for Baltic States. Danzig = Free City run by LON
Article 232 "War Guilt" - Germany to accpet blame for the War.
Germany forbidden to join the LON.
Spartacist Uprising 1919
The Spartacist Uprising 1919
Led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht
Wanted a Communist revolution like Russia.
January 1919 the Spartacists set up Soviets in many towns. (Soviet = Council of Workers)
Ebert asked the Freikorps (ex army soldiers opposed to Communism) to put down the rebellion
Bitter street fighting between the Spartacists and Freikorps
Luxemburg and Liebknecht are arrested and murdered.
Ebert's use of the Freikorps led to a split in the left between Social Democrats and Communists.
Kapp Putsch 1920
The Kapp Putsch 1920
Leader = Dr Wolfgang Kapp
5000 Freikorps (Army veterans)
Freikorps unhappy with TOV.Want Kaiser's return
The army refused to fire on the Freikorps
The Industrial workers of Berlin went on General strike.
Berlin was brought to a halt. No Power. No Transport.
Kapp fled. He was later caught and died whilst awaiting trial.
The rest of the rebels were unpunished by the judges.