Germany 1918 - 1945

The impact of WW1 and the creation of WW2

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  • Created by: Ashleigh
  • Created on: 31-05-10 10:52

Treaty of Versailles

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* Three Points

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- Territory (13%) was lost

- Reparations £6.6million

- East Prussia was completely cut of "Polish Corridor"

- Article 231 "war guilt clause"

- Tanks, heavy guns, air force or submarines werer not allowed

- Years (15) for Allies to occupy the Rhineland

* The Saar under the League of Nations

* Army and Navy Reduced dramatically

* Coal, Steel and Iron industry Lost

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The Weimar Constitution

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-Weakness of different Political groups

-Emergency Powers (Article 48)

-Individuals could not gain too much power

-Majority did not have all the power - Proportional Representation

-Article 48 allowed automatic dictatorship

-Reichstag needed to back Chancellor for laws to be passed

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Political Threats to the Weimar Government

5 main political groups

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- Spartacists (Left wing) Armed uprising but defeated by Freikorps

- Revolution of Bavaria (Left wing) Seized Bavaria but defeated by Freikorps

- Kapp Putsch (Right wing) Armed uprising in Berlin but workers striked

- Red Army of Ruhr (Left wing) formed by Socialist workers but defeated by Gov. Troops

- Murder Squads (Right wing) Right wing radicals formed this to fight Republic and Gov. could not deal with them - killed Gov. officials

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Kapp Putsch

7 Points

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- Control of Berlin

- Failed to win support

- March 1920

- Naval Commander

- Protest against Treaty of Versailles

- Trade Unions formed a general strike

- Wolfgang Kapp offered to form a new Gov.

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Occupation of the Ruhr

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- Occupied by French and Belgian troops (brought in own workers)

- Collapse of the German Economy

- Centre of coal, oil and steel production

- Unable to pay reparations

- Passive resistance called off by Stresemann and began repaying reparation

- April 1924 a plan for instituting annual payments on a fixed scale

- Troops withdrew from Ruhr 1925

- Inflation and unemployment

- Outraged Germans

- New passive resistance campaign was introduced

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Munic Beer Hall Putsch

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- March on Berlin had been planned to remove National Governemnt

- Until Hitler had dislocated his shoulder they refused to stop (many wounded)

- "National Revolution had begun"

- In Odensplatz road was blocked by Munich Police

- Commit Suicide ( Hitler threatened von Kahr & von Lossow)

- Hitler & Stormtroopers entered building

- Bavarian Government held a meeting of 3,000 officials ( prime minister made speech)

- Ernst Roehm led stormtroopers to sieze War Ministry

- Exampled by Nazi Leaders the followers ran away from the Police

- Relunctant to agree with Hitler's offer ( von Kahr & von Lossow)

* Hitler recieved sentence of 5 years where he wrote "Mein Kampf"

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How Successfulwas the Weimar Republic 1924 - 1929

- Economy

- Foreign Policy

- Politics

- Culture

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Stresemann's Treaties

-Locarno

-Dawes Plan

-Young Plan

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Comments

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Imi

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imi

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