The Three Crises of 1923
- Invasion of the Ruhr by the French - seizing of materials and industrial area.
- The French were determined to make Germany pay as it was too poor to pay repairations.
- German workers refused to work for the French.
- Damaged Germany financially by losing products produced in the Ruhr.
- German government printed more money due to their inability to pay for the passive resistance.
- Hyperinflation - value goes down, prices go up.
- Hitler attempted to take over Bavarian government as he believed the end of passive resistance was a betrayal.
- The Beer Hall Putsch.
1 of 5
The Kapp Putsch
- Uprising by Freikorps who were angry at the government for accepting the Treaty of Versailles.
- Freikorps try to seize power.
- Led by Woldgang Kapp.
- Weak government: army won't attack former comrades.
- Left wing workers go on strike, Kapp Putsch collapses.
- Those involved in the Kapp Putsch were not punished as Stresemann needed to maintain right wing support for his party to remain in power.
The Munich Putsch
- The first attempt by Hitler and the Nazis to take power.
- Hyperinflation was causing problems for many people.
- Hitler saw an opportunity to sieze power for his party.
- They captured the Bavarian PM and marched into Munich.
- After the police refused to join the Nazis, the Putsch collapsed.
2 of 5
The Impact of the Treaty of Versailles
- Blame for the war - humiliating them.
- Lost land.
- Reduction in the size of their army.
- Repairation costs.
- Loss of Empire.
3 of 5
Weighing Up Weimar
- Hugely democratic.
- Proportional representation.
- Always a coalition government, therefore, always compromise.
- Regular collapse.
- Constant new election.
- Kapp Putsch
- Humiliation at acceptance of Treaty
- Impact of Treaty
4 of 5
- Reduced impact of repairations through negociation.
- Reformed banks by ending Hyperinflation.
- Economic boom using American loans.
- International acceptance as equal to other countries.
- Joined League of Nations, restoring pride.
- Rejected nationalists by rejecting idea of revenge.
- Accepted Treaty terms.
- No long term solution for money crisis.
- Germany was dependent on American money.
- Troubles for Germany after American money disaster 1929.
5 of 5