what is migration?
Migration is the movement of people from one place to another in order to live.
The people who move are called migrants.
Migration can be within the same country or international.
push and pull factors
Push factors are the aspects of an area which encourage people to move away- a high crime rate, high pollution rates, lack of facilities ect.
Pull factors are features of an area that attract people- plenty of space, quite, good facilities ect.
urban to rural migration
Urban to rural migration is where people move from the cities to the countryside.
Some influences may be:
- Air pollution
- Congested roads
- Clean air
- Fear of crime
- Empty roads
- Friendly community
Villages fighting back
People who migrate to rural areas often have thier reasons from those who are already there.
The newcomers usually commute to work in nearby towns and cities than use the services they find there.
They also have to pay high prices for houses, leaving young villagers unable to afford housin in the village and as a result making them move away.
Rural to urban migration
In many of the world's poorest countries the migration is from rural to urban areas. Living conditions pushing people away from the countryside are likely to include:
- A poor Quality of Life, due to a lack of jobs
- No school in the village
- A great distance from medical help
- An unreliable supply of water
Asylum Seeker - A person with a well-founded fear of persecution in their country of origin for reasons including: political opinion, religion, ethnicity,race/nationality, or membership of a particular social group.
Economic Migrant - A person who moves from one country to another for work or other economic opportunities.