Geography: Population

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CASE STUDY: China One Child Policy

  • As the country developed, health care and medical knowledge improved. Therefore death rate falls but birth rate stays consistently high - causing a big natural increase.
  • 1950 - children encouraged.
  • Late 1950s - famine (20 million died)
  • 1960-70  - population boom after the famine.
  • Early 1970s - 'Wan-xi-shao' introduced to encourage less children but did not work.
  • 1979 - One Child Policy introduced. 
  • 1990-2010 - policy relaxed in 2008 when an earthquake lost many young lives. Effects of this were things like: parents didn't have to ask permission before having a first child, only a fine if they had a second, rural places encouraged to have more children to help with work in farming.
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