What is migration?
Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.
What is a migrant?
A migrant is a person who moves from one country to another for economic or personal reasons.
What is source country and host country?
Source country - the country that a migrant comes from.
Host country - the country that a migrant goes to.
What is an economic migrant and a seasonal migrant
Economic migrant - people who move away from poorer areas to gain access to better jobs and wages.
Seasonal migrant - someone who moves for seasonal work then leaves.
Types of Migration
Voluntary - people choose to move for better jobs and higher wages.
Forced - people who have to move or they'll face extreme hardship, persecution and even death.
Temporary - seasonal migrants: they then go home when the picking season ends.
Permanent - people who move and dont return home.
Migration - push factors
Push factors: things that force people to leave their own country.
-not enough jobs
-poor educational opportunities
-war with another country
-drought and famine
Migration - pull factors
Pull factors: things that attract people to a new country.
-hope of finding a job
-chance of better education
-a better standard of living
-family and friends may have moved there already
-lower levels of crime and safety from conflict.