Geography Key Terms - Consuming Resources

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Alternative Energy

Energy Sources that provide an alternative to Fossil Fuels.

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Black Gold

Is another name for oil, because it is such a valuable commodity.

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Boserupian Theory

The veiw that when population grows it stimulates technological changes that produce increase in output, ensuring that living standards can be maintained for the growing population.

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Carbon Footprint

A measurement of all greenhouse gases we individually produce.

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Consumption

The using up of something.

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Eco-footprint

The area of land and sea that supplies all the stuff that you need to live - land for your home, food, energy plus all the materials you buy.

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Energy

A source of power.

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Finite Resource

Is one that is limited or restricted.

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Finite Resource

Is one that is limited or restricted.

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Food Insecurity

Is when it is difficult to obtain sufficient food. This can range from hunger through to full-scale famine.

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Food Security

Is the ability to obtain sufficient food on a day-to-day basis. People are considered to be 'food secure' when they do not live in fear of hunger.

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Human Resource

The skills and abilities of the population.

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Malthusian Theory

The veiw that population growth is the main reason why a society would collapse.

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Material Resource

The goods and equipment already in place in a society.

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Material Resource

The goods and equipment already in place in a society.

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Natural Resource

Those things found in the natural world that are of use to us, and that we have the technology and willingness to use.

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Non-renewable

These are being used up and cannot be replaced, such as coal and oil. They are sometimes known as finite resources.

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Non-renewable

These are being used up and cannot be replaced, such as coal and oil. They are sometimes known as finite resources.

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Peak Oil

Is the point at which oil production reaches its maximum level and then declines.

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Renewable

These will never run out and can be used over and over again eg. wind and solar power. They are infinite resources.

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Resource

Is a naturally occurring substance which can be used in its own right, or made into something else.

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Sustainable

These are meeting the needs of people now without preventing future generations from meeting their needs eg. bio-fuels and hydrogen-powered vehicles.

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Sustainable Development

Which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

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Sustainable Resoure

Resources, such as wood, that can be renewed if we act to replace them as we use them.

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