Kashmir earthquake case study
· It happened on the 8th October 2005.It was 7.6 on the Richter scale.It's focus was 26km down at
8.40am.Kashmir is on a collision margin.
· Primary effects - The shaking caused buildings to collapse, windows to shatter, roads to crack, bridges to topple. 79,000 people were killed, 100,000 were injured and 3.3 million homes were destroyed. Large cracks in the ground and landslides occured. Most children were at school and were buried under rubble from the earthquake.
· Secondary effects - Fires were caused by gas pipes, disease was caused by dead bodies and sewage pipes burst leaving raw sewage on the streets. respiratory infections like pneumonia were making the number of dead increase daily. People died of the cold because they lived in thin tents. Supplies were flown in by helicopter which cost $500,000 a day. Electricity lines were brought down making reconstruction harder. Schools were damaged and books were lost. The overall cost of the damage was expected to be $5 billion
· Long Term effects - The tents were not enough for winter so the army had to build pre-fabs for survivors to live in. Schools needed to be rebuilt. Teachers were trained in counselling to help traumatized children. Sanitation was needed for temporary houses. Building laws had to be tightened up to make sure there were fewer deaths and less damage if it were to happen again