China - ONE child policy
- China has the largest population - 1.3 billion.
- 'One-child policy' introuduced in 1979, couples encourages to have only one child.
- High birth rate
- Overcrowing of citites
- unemployment growth from 1.8& yo 2.9%
- shortage of land, lack of access to water (1/4 of the world average)
- 1.9% increasing population per year.
STRATEGIES TO COPE:
- 2 child policy which didnt work so they introuduced 1 child policy
- Benefits, longer maternity leave
- better housing
- access to free education, child care and healthcare
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China - ONE child policy CONTINUED.
- Population growth rate decreased to 0.7%
- fertility rate dropped from 5.7 in 1970 to 1.9
- Women forced to have abortion, many forcible sterilised
- Rurual couple want large families
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UK - Ageing Population
- 16% of the population of the UK was over 65. by 1041 this could be 25%
- Since 1970s, number of babies born has fallen
- Working population isnt large enough to pay for pensions.
- Taxes paid by people aren't enough to cover the costs of pensions
- Health service is under pressure as older people need more medical care.
- Elderly may not be ablt to transport themselves, walk or drive.
- Elderly may be foreced to leave htier homes and go into old people homes or care workers.
STRATEGIES TO COPE:
- Government has increased retirement age
- Encourage immigration of young people to the UK - allowing immigration of people from countries that joined the EU in 2004. increasing number of people paying for taxes, helping to pay for pensions.
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UK - Ageing Population CONTINUED.
- Making the houses suitable for the elderly to feel comfortable - easy use taps, plug etc..
- Working for longer and delaying pension pay.
- Encourave voluntary work
- Privart bus sevices come and transport the elderly (diataride).
- Money for retired people brings in 215 billion a year to the economy
- Elderly do voluntary work, beneficial to the economy.
- Mor companies providing for the elderly
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