Geography Going Global EDEXCEL

The six compulsory casestudies 

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The Philippines

Examples of the natural hazards it faces:

Volcanoes- Mount Pinatubo (1991) Buildings collapsed, crops destroyed

Earthquakes- Luzon Island (1990) Killed 1500 people

Landslides- Leyte Island (2006) A whole village was buried

Typhoons- Typhoon Xangsane (2006) Swept through densly populated area

Tsunamis- Moro Gulf (1976) Thousands were killed

Droughts- Luzon Island (2005) Effected hydro-electric power plants 

Flooding- Manila (1970s) Rice crops were destroyed

Vulnerable Population

High population densities, unstable locations (Aeta tribe- Pinatubo), LEDC

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Examples of the natural hazards it faces:

Earthquakes- Loma Prieta (1989) Caused landslides

Droughts- Southern California (2007) Killed 22 people

Tsunamis- Northern California (1964) Killed 12 people in Cresent city

Landslides- Southern California (2005) Killed 13 people

Vulnerable Population

70% live within 50km of a fault line, buildings on the coast, 20% of residents in LA are below the poverty line, massive economy means huge economic losses will occur

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Effects global warming is having on different areas:

-Drier areas are becoming drier

-Wetter areas are getting wetter

-The whole continent is getting warmer (0.5c in the last 100 years)

Negative impacts

Desertification, reduced growing period, erratic climate, improved conditions for mosquitoes (Impacts on tourists likely to visit aswell)

Positive impacts

Some areas experience longer growing periods

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Effects that global warming has:

- The area of sea ice is shrinking, by 2030, there may not be any left

- Permafrost is melting

-The tree line is moving further north

Environmental Impacts

Fresh water into the sea, thawing of permafrost releases methane and CO2

Ecological Impacts

Polar bears, sensitive ecosystems, diversity of fish may increase

Socio-Economic Impacts

Shipping routes, natural resources (conflict?), agriculture, thawing of permafrost (buldings collapse)

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Poland to the UK migration

Push Factors

High unemployment, low average wages, low housing availability

Pull Factors

Ease of migration, good exchange rate, plenty jobs, better wages

Consequences on Poland

Population shrink, shortage of labourers (economy doesn't grow as much)

Consequences on UK

Increased population, helped the problems of the ageing population the UK is facing, money earnt in the UK isn't all spent in the UK

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UK to Spain migration

Push Factors

Higher living cost, **** climate

Pull Factors

Lower living cost, warm climate

Consequences on Spain

Higher proportion of older people, Spanish health system may become unable to cope, British communities lead to tensions, Spanish economy grows, voting effected my UK immigrants

Consequences on UK

Reduced proportion of older people, economy loses out

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Thank you:)



thanks so much!

Bethany Cunningham


To be more up to date, there are more recent events:typhoon Bopha (Dec 2012) and earthquake (2006). Recent hurricane in California: superstorm Sandy (Oct 2012) Also it is AFfects not effects. Sorry about being critcial; just trying to help.

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