Geography - Development Indicators

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  • Created by: Dan S.
  • Created on: 27-04-13 17:52

Development Summary

Development is progress; change for the better. There can be many different types, e.g. social, economic, environmental, political, cultural etc. Growth in one area can negatively effect growth in another area.

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Examples of Development Indicators

  • Birth rate: number of births per 1000 of the population per annum
  • Death rate: number of deaths per 1000 of the population per annum
  • Infant Mortality rate: number of deaths per 1000 children under the age of 1 per annum
  • Fertility rate: number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-49 per annum
  • Life Expectancy: how long the average male or female in that society is expected to live for
  • Dependency ratio: %under 15 + %65 and over / %15-64

The %under 15 are known as young dependents, the % 65 and over are known as old dependents and the %15-65 are the people of working age.

  • Human Development Index
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The Human Development Index

The Human Development Index is one of the development indicators previously mentioned. It takes into account the GDP ($) per capita, the Life expectancy, the Adult literacy rate and the Enrolment in education percentage. Each country gets a score between 0 and 1, with the more developed countries getting scores closer to 1.

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How is development achieved?

There are many factors that can boost development in a country, these include:

  • Wealth (faster development for MEDCs)
  • Resources (e.g. water source, good land)
  • Willing population and good leadership
  • Political stability
  • FDI (Foreign direct investment)
  • Infrastructure (Communication, transport, buildings, government, roads)
  • Lack of natural disasters

Countries always have different priorities when it comes to development.

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