Geography Theme 1 Case Studies

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Housing in a MEDC

Name: Housing in a MEDC

Locate: Liverpool, UK, Europe

Describe: CBD- City Dock Area - exspensive warehouse apartments

Inner City - Everton- 19th century terraced housing, old factories

Inner Suburbs - Smithdown- 1920's &30's, semi detached and detached, owner occupied

Outer Suburbs - Chidwall - Detached housing

Explain: CBD - Young professionals, high wages, close to work and entertainment

Inner City - Students,rent, cant afford high prices, John Moores Uni, unskilled people, close to city, work, transport.

Inner Suburbs - skilled families, afford living costs, commuting costs. Elderly, afford higher living cots.

Outer Suburbs - Professional families, afford increased property & living costs - Netherly, Skilled manual worker & family - council owned houses, some have brought from council

Conclusion: People live in the area that suits their jobs and needs.

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Retail Distribution & Change

Name: Changing Services in a MEDC

Locate: The Trafford Centre, Salford, Manchester

Describe: large area of undeveloped flat land, expansion in future, next to M60, 200 shops, leisure facilities, hotels.

Explain: Easy access, Densely populated, Impacts - Positive - local people, benefit, improves services, part-time & shift work, shops benefit. Negative - fall in sales for local shopkeepers, m60 much busier, widen roads- road works, traffic jams. Environmental Impacts - loss of fields, increase in traffic - noise & air pollution.

Conclusion: Changing services can have positive and negative impact on the local people.

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Access to Services

Name: Access to Services

Locate: Barcelona, Spain, Europe 

Describe: Large city, 1.5 million people, grew rapily 1970s-80s, migrants, multicultural - Mexican, Asian & other european countries.

El Raval, in Citutat Vella (old city centre), 27.6% of population are migrants. Muslims - better access to services that they desire - 10 out of 16 mosques in there.

Sarrià- Sant Gervasi - western suburb of Barcelona, highest standard of living, population densities are lower & life expectancy is highest. 36.7% of residents have higher qualificationn - better-paid jobs.

Explain: El Raval - Halal Butchers, internet cafes and video rental stores- asian films. Cheap are to live in, poorly paid work, narrow streets- not easy for modern traffic, most houses - 6-8 storey apartments, crowed areas. 2nd lowest life expectancy. high levesl of malaria, AIDS & TB. limited access to facilities, require payment, highest concentration of youth centres (9) in Barcelona.

Sarrià- Sant GervasiMany services- badminton courts- require membership fee and court fee - located in areas where people can afford them. Only 1 youth centre.

Conclusion: Services can be ajusted to suit the majority in the area.

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Urban-Rural Migration

Name: Migration.

Locate: PRIDE (Planning Rural-Urban Integrated Development through Education), in the villages of Mahad Taluka, India. 

Describe: Poverty & lack of services in the villages in Mahad Taluka - force people to leave and move to Mumbai - 200km north. Education: pre-school education centres set up, locals trained as teachers, study centres & coaching classes help teach local community, children given money from education fund - repaid later, 160 adult education centres, libraries & book banks encourage children to read. Sanitation: 200 new toilet blocks Health: Essential medicines free of charge, Under5's- immunised, given vitamin a to prevent diarrhoea, mobile health care unit, bettercare - pregnant women and the elderly, locals - trained as health workers.

Explain: Improvements to QoL- areas replanted with trees, youthe club- practical skills to boys and girls to improve the local area - road improvement techniques. Employment opportunities- new ways of earning a living - loans can be obtained, farmers clubs set up, training courses - baking and tailoring. Encouraged people to stay in the villages and have reduced the migration of people to mumbai and other areas.

Conclusion: Many schemes can reduce migration in rural areas.

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