Geography Case Studies

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  • Created by: Alexa
  • Created on: 10-06-13 16:25

China

  • China population: 1.3 billion
  • One child policy - 1979
  • If followed: 5-10% salary increase and priority access to food, housing and health care and child received priority education and employment
  • If not followed: 10% salary reduction and penalised in terms of scare resources
  • In 1983 more than 14 million abortions were performed
  • Upto 40 million single men by 2020
  • Male to female ratio - 167:100
  • Prevented upto 400 million births
  • Fertility rate has dropped from 5.7 in 1970 and 1.8 in 2009
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Egypt

  • Population doubled from 25 million to 50 million between 1960 and 1987
  • The Aswan High Dam was built in 1971
  • Lake Nasser was created behind it - measuring the length of England
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France

  • Shrinking population
  • Woman given 16 weeks maternity leave
  • 36 moths parental leave
  • Birth rate now 1.9
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UK

  • 2005 - 16% of population over 65
  • 2041 - 25%
  • 1980-2006: life expectancy grew by 2.6 years for women and 6.4 years for men
  • Labour force will shrink by 16% by 2050
  • Funding for health care, pensions ect. will need an extra 4-8% of national budger by 2050
  • Average: over 75's spend 13 nights in hospital but rest of UK spend 8 nights
  • Retirement age in 2046 will be 68 for everyone
  • 80% of immigrants were 34 or under
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Poland to UK

  • High unemployment in Poland - 19%
  • Low average wages - a third of the EU average wages
  • Housing shortages - 300 dwellings for every 1000 people
  • Poles earn 5 times as much in UK
  • €3 billion was sent to Poland from abroad in 2006
  • Poland's population fell by 0.3%
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Kosovan Refugees

  • January 1998 - Kosovo tried to unify with Albania
  • NATO began bombing raids in 1999
  • 25,000 refugees fled directly into friendly European countries
  • In 2000 there were 92,000 Kosovars claiming asylum
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Maharashtra

  • 1993
  • Eathquake
  • Houses fell down because they couldn't afford strong buildings
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Zimbabwe (drought)

  • 1992
  • Drought and famine
  • Rural food supplies were reduced leading to malnutrition and death
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Zimbabwe (political)

  • GNI per capita: $176.20
  • HDI: 0.140
  • HDI rank: 169
  • Violent distribution of land from whites to blacks
  • Blacks had little experience of farming
  • Production of crops failed
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Kenya

  • Half of the countries exports are low-value agricultural products
  • Large trade defecit: $1100 (1990s)
  • Low amount of trade per person ($110)
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Water Quantity

  • 12% of the world's population consumes 85% of its water
  • Domestic daily use in Africa: 47 l/person
  • Domestic daily use in the UK: 334 l/person
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Water Quality

  • 1/8th of the worlds population doesn't have access to clean water
  • 2.6 billion people don't have access to adequate sanitation
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Hurricane Mitch

  • Honduras
  • October 1998
  • 7000 people killed
  • 70% of crops were destroyed
  • 80% of transport infrastructure was damaged
  • 35,000 houses were destroyed
  • 1998 - agriculture made up 27% of the countrys GDP
  • 2000 - agriculture made up 18% of the countrys GDP
  • Cost of repairs - $439 million
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Water Aid in Ethiopia

Ethiopia:

  • Population: 80.7 million
  • Infant mortality: 109/1000
  • Sanitation coverage: 12%

Water Aid:

  • 1983
  • Helped 820,000 people gain access to safe water
  • Funded more than 50 projects
  • Reduced the amount of young children dying from diarrhoeal diseases
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UK and Poland

  • UK GNI: $36,130
  • Poland GNI: $17,310
  • UK HDI: 16
  • Poland HDI: 37
  • UK Climate: temperate
  • Poland Climate: continental
  • UK Communications: good trade links
  • Poland Communications: poor communications
  • UK Employment: 80% employed in the service sector
  • Poland Employment: 17% in farming
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UK Tourism

  • 32 million visitors in 2008
  • £114 billion in 2007
  • 1.4 million people employed in tourism
  • Bad weather in 2007
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Blackpool

  • Average occupancy rate below 25%
  • Visitors reduced from 7 million to 6 million
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Lake District

  • 15 million visitors a year
  • Plans to attract 2 million more visitors by 2018
  • Plans to increase amount tourists spend from £1.1 billion to £1.5 billion
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Kenya (tourism)

  • 700,000 visitors per year
  • Has 'big 5'
  • Tourism is 15% of the country's GNP
  • 219,000 people worked in toursim industry in 2003
  • 23 national parks
  • 15% of money from tourism goes to locals
  • £8 million spent improving infrastructure 
  • Visa fees for adults cut by 50% in 2009
  • Visa fees for children scrapped
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Antarctica

  • 2007-2008: 46,000 tourists
  • Tourists come from America, Britain, Germany and Austria mainly
  • 14million km2
  • 98% covered in ice
  • The Antarctic Treaty: 1961, 47 countries, only ships with less than 500 passengers can dock and 100 passengers allowed on shore
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Tataquara Lodge

  • Xingu River in Peru
  • Six local tribes
  • Has 15 rooms
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