Geography AQA spec. A - Human Geography Case Studies

Exam 2 - Case Studies

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London Docklands Redevelopment

What Problems were there in the London Docklands?

By the 1980s, larger ships couldn't reach port and containerisation did away with the need for large No. of dockers few jobs available

Over half the land was derelict with bad transport and lack of basic services

Economic Changes?

  • Improved transport links: 10 mins to Cnt. Ldn via London Docklands Light Railway
  • City Airport Built in Former Royal Docks
  • Over 135 km of road built - connections to M11
  • Estimated that No. of businesses and employment doubled
  • By 1998, most office space had been let
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Environmental Changes?

  • 760 ha derelict land reclaimed
  • 200 000 trees planted
  • 150 ha open space created
  • 17 conservation areas set up

Social Changes?

  • 22 000 New homes built
  • 10 000 local authority houses refurbished - Newham CC concentrated on providing low cost hosing
  • New Shopping Centre with a uni, indoor sports centre, marina and new parks
  • £100 m on health, education, job training and community programmes
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Was it a Success?

Ones that benefited from the scheme were in favour

Locals could not afford the housing (Shortage of Affordable Housing)

Jobs for the locals was little (Old Dockers not needed)

The new Yuppie community did not mix with the old eastenders - Felt their community was being ripped apart

Many felt developers did not build enough services (e.g. Hospitals) for a growing and ageing population

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 Oldest & Largest flower producer in Africa

Highest Exporter of roses - 2003, exports = £77 m

20% all exports happen in first half of february


Employs tens of thousands

2/3 casual (no security or benefits)

Pregnancy usually means loss of employment

£1 a day (Kenyan minimum wage)

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Where are they grown?

In greenhouses to protect from rain, hail and wind

Close to Rift Valley- reliable water source

This areas is suitable for growing because:

  • Good Climate - sunny, warm, rain
  • Water Available- Lakes
  • Good Access - Nairobi Airport
  • Plenty of Labour
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  • Many Local Workers- Jobs created
  • More income for Kenya - Paying Debt off


  • Jobs are low paid
  • Jobs are seasonal
  • Less food produced for Locals
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Farming employs 57% of the labour force. This is low because:

  • The mountainous environment limits agricultural land available - Soil erosion due to drought
  • 35% of adult men leave to work in the city or SA's mines - if they didn't it would be 87%
  • Difficult to manage efficent and productive farming. Due to lack of land- 40% of families are landless

Crop production declined since 2000/1

Crop production high risk, low yield - poor soil quality & harsh, unpredictable climate

10% of country is arable land- 1% high quality

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Has to import most of its food

Livestock production is important as they cope better with or land- drought in 80s and 90s limited pasture

Due to rural-urban migration, women, children and elderly left to do labour


Has the most advanced soil conservation programmes in Africa- beginning to solve problems using terracing and irrigation systems

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