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Biomes and Ecosystems

Biome – A major type of environment or ecosystem

Ecosystem – A community of plants and animals in their environment

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Layers of Rainforest

  1. The Emergent Layer – Emergent trees grow upwards of 40M tall.

  2. The Canopy – The primary area of the rainforest where most wildlife live.

  3. The Understudy – Little sunshine reaches here so most plants need huge leaves.

  4. The Forest Floor – It's very dark, A plant that takes 1 year to decompose but it will take 6 weeks in the rainforest

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Desert Adaptations

Camels live in deserts that are hot and dry during the day but cold at night. They have adapted well for survival in the desert. Camels Have:

  • Large Flat feet to spread their weight on the sand

  • Thick fur on top of the body for shade

  • A large surface are to volume ratio to maximise heat loss

  • The ability to go without water for a long time (Not sweating much)


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Limestone - Landforms

  • Limestone is a sedimentary rock made of calcium carbonate

  • Where acidic rainwater has dissolved limestone it makes a swallow hole

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A favela (Portuguese pronunciation: [faˈvɛlɐ]) is the term for a slum in Brazil, most often within urban areas. The first favelas appeared in the late 19th century and were built by soldiers who had nowhere to live. Some of the first settlements were called bairros africanos (African neighbourhoods). This was the place where former slaves with no land ownership and no options for work lived. Over the years, many former black slaves moved in.

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Weather: describes the day to day conditions

climate: Describes the average of weather over a length of time

Temperature: Measured in C using a thermometer

Precipitation: Is measured using a rain gauge in mm

Wind direction: Is the direction wind is blowing from

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