Geography A2 Unit 4 (Leisure and Tourism in rural landscapes) 2013

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Area away from the city with a poulation of under 1000 people

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All activities that are carried out in non work time

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The act of travelling away from home, usually for more than 1 night

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National Park

Area of land designate by government legislation as an area to be protected due to it's landscape

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  • Earth’s most southern continent
  • Covers 14 million km2
  • 46,000 tourists visited in 2007/2008
  • Ice averages 1 mile in thickness
  • Endemic species to the area, adapted to temperatures dropping as low as -80 degrees


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Antarctica Preservation

  • Antarctica Special Protection Areas [ASPA]- no one allowed
  • International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators (IAATO)
  • All UK visitors have to have a special visa to visit
  • All activities have to undergo an EIA
  • Vessels and individuals required to be decontaminated to prevent risk of alien species.


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  • SSSI that forms the "Cheddar Complex" [natural England]
  • Limestone gorge
  • 500,000 visitors visit each year
  • Britain’s oldest man (archaeological significance) 9,000 years old.
  • Second greatest natural wonder in Britain
  • Visitors decreasing (due to pleasure periphery)


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Cheddar Conservationist

  • X-treme project.
  • Increasing the carrying capacity (stairs and hand rails in caves)
  • Installing nesting boxes for the dormice
  • Removing invasive species from rocks [Biological weathering]
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Santa Lucia, Ecuador

  • One of the areas of highest biodiversity in the world
  • Contains 25% of all known species in the world
  • Over 80% of the forest still remains in its primary virgin state
  • Decreasing by deforestation at 400,000 hectares per year.


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Santa Lucia, Ecuador Eco-Tourism

  • 1998- Ecuadorian government made the cloud forest protected and banned logging.
  • Eco-lodge (numbers limited to just 22)
  • Take part in conservation projects
  • All food grown in organic garden and light provided from solar
  • 100% local employment
  • Stakeholders such as Rainforest Concern UK with conservationist views
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  • 6 million holiday makers each year go to Thailand
  • People are being forced to leave their lives to work In tourism


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Thailand Cultural

  • Umphang area local people selling treks in highlands
  • Selling of handicrafts and souvenirs
  • Doxey’s model
  • Allows people to remain in farming and labour-intensive industries which making profit from tourism.
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Dominican Republic

  • One of the top sites for whale watching
  • Botanical Gardens
  • "Sulphur Springs" World’s only drive in volcano
  • Tourism is vastly important economically, especially with increased competition for bananas.
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Dominican Republic Tourist Enclave

  • All-inclusive packages where remain on resort for duration except going to and from the airport.
  • Easier to manage
  • Prevents animosity
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Tourism concerned with the education and experience of other people’s culture and way of life.

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Keeping the landscape exactly as it is by limiting tourist numbers recognising that the survival of the landscape is paramount.

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Tourism concerned with retaining the quality of the landscape but adapting to modern thinking so that the area is able to benefit from tourism

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A form of tourism that is concerned with the natural world, involving small groups of people with a low impact on the environment

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Tourist Enclave

Keeping local people and tourists apart in set "hotspots" reducing risk of animosity and making it easier to manage

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When local people are involved in and responsible for the preserving and protecting of the quality of the environment for future generations.

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Great resource, last minute cramming on my part! just fyi, "not urban" is under 10,000 not 1000. :)

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