Area away from the city with a poulation of under 1000 people
All activities that are carried out in non work time
The act of travelling away from home, usually for more than 1 night
Area of land designate by government legislation as an area to be protected due to it's landscape
- Earth’s most southern continent
- Covers 14 million km2
- 46,000 tourists visited in 2007/2008
- Ice averages 1 mile in thickness
- Endemic species to the area, adapted to temperatures dropping as low as -80 degrees
- Antarctica Special Protection Areas [ASPA]- no one allowed
- International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators (IAATO)
- All UK visitors have to have a special visa to visit
- All activities have to undergo an EIA
- Vessels and individuals required to be decontaminated to prevent risk of alien species.
- SSSI that forms the "Cheddar Complex" [natural England]
- Limestone gorge
- 500,000 visitors visit each year
- Britain’s oldest man (archaeological significance) 9,000 years old.
- Second greatest natural wonder in Britain
- Visitors decreasing (due to pleasure periphery)
- X-treme project.
- Increasing the carrying capacity (stairs and hand rails in caves)
- Installing nesting boxes for the dormice
- Removing invasive species from rocks [Biological weathering]
Santa Lucia, Ecuador
- One of the areas of highest biodiversity in the world
- Contains 25% of all known species in the world
- Over 80% of the forest still remains in its primary virgin state
- Decreasing by deforestation at 400,000 hectares per year.
Santa Lucia, Ecuador Eco-Tourism
- 1998- Ecuadorian government made the cloud forest protected and banned logging.
- Eco-lodge (numbers limited to just 22)
- Take part in conservation projects
- All food grown in organic garden and light provided from solar
- 100% local employment
- Stakeholders such as Rainforest Concern UK with conservationist views
- 6 million holiday makers each year go to Thailand
- People are being forced to leave their lives to work In tourism
- Umphang area local people selling treks in highlands
- Selling of handicrafts and souvenirs
- Doxey’s model
- Allows people to remain in farming and labour-intensive industries which making profit from tourism.
- One of the top sites for whale watching
- Botanical Gardens
- "Sulphur Springs" World’s only drive in volcano
- Tourism is vastly important economically, especially with increased competition for bananas.
Dominican Republic Tourist Enclave
- All-inclusive packages where remain on resort for duration except going to and from the airport.
- Easier to manage
- Prevents animosity
Tourism concerned with the education and experience of other people’s culture and way of life.
Keeping the landscape exactly as it is by limiting tourist numbers recognising that the survival of the landscape is paramount.
Tourism concerned with retaining the quality of the landscape but adapting to modern thinking so that the area is able to benefit from tourism
A form of tourism that is concerned with the natural world, involving small groups of people with a low impact on the environment
Keeping local people and tourists apart in set "hotspots" reducing risk of animosity and making it easier to manage
When local people are involved in and responsible for the preserving and protecting of the quality of the environment for future generations.