Earthquake Case Study - MEDC: Kobe, Japan. 1995.
- 17th January 1995
- Earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale.
- Included the Philippine, Eurasian and Pacific plate.
- Happened at 5:46am, taking people by suprise.
- Devastated port as well as Osaka and Kyoto.
- 300,000 buildings destroyed.
- Bridges, roads and railways destroyed.
- Gas and water mains ruptured..
- Hanshin Expressway (elevated Dual carriageway) collapsed.
- 40,000 people injured. 6,343 people died.
- Fires engulfed parts of the city.
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- 200,000 people left homeless.
- Fires raged across the city due to broken gas mains.
- Aftershocks caused more damage and deaths.
- Businesses had to close and would take months to restore.
- Looting started to occur, creating more problems for police.
- Damage caused was in excess of $220 billion.
Immediate/short term responses.
- Friends and neighbours searched through rubble for survivors.
- Emergency services provided help when access was possible.
- Shopping centres such as 7-Eleven opened up to provide emergency medical facilities.
- Motorola provided mobile phone connection free of charge.
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Long term responses.
- Rebuilding of roads and bridges.
- Railways 80% operational within a month.
- One year later the port was 80% operational, but much of container port was lost.
- Changes made to building standards to prevent further damage to new buildings.
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