Case Studies for Retake

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Earthquake Case Study - MEDC: Kobe, Japan. 1995.

  • 17th January 1995
  • Earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • Included the Philippine, Eurasian and Pacific plate.
  • Happened at 5:46am, taking people by suprise.
  • Devastated port as well as Osaka and Kyoto.

Primary effects.

  • 300,000 buildings destroyed.
  • Bridges, roads and railways destroyed.
  • Gas and water mains ruptured..
  • Hanshin Expressway (elevated Dual carriageway) collapsed.
  • 40,000 people injured. 6,343 people died.
  • Fires engulfed parts of the city.

Secondary effects.

  • 200,000 people left homeless.
  • Fires raged across the city due to broken gas mains.
  • Aftershocks caused more damage and deaths.
  • Businesses had to close and would take months to restore.
  • Looting started to occur, creating more problems for police.
  • Damage caused was in excess of $220 billion.
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Immediate/short term responses.

  • Friends and neighbours searched through rubble for survivors.
  • Emergency services provided help when access was possible.
  • Shopping centres such as 7-Eleven opened up to provide emergency medical facilities.
  • Motorola provided mobile phone connection free of charge.

Long term responses.

  • Rebuilding of roads and bridges.
  • Railways 80% operational within a month.
  • One year later the port was 80% operational, but much of container port was lost.
  • Changes made to building standards to prevent further damage to new buildings.
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