Geographical skills

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Accuracy

The level at which data is exact and free from error

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Qualitative

Data is a subjective description in words which varies depending on who is recording it, for example a description of housing quality

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Isopleths

A line joining points of equal value, for example a contour line

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Chloropleths

Density maps where the areas are shaded in to represent the average number per unit area

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Trip Line

A straight line joining the origin of a journey to its destination

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SMART

The criteria by which you can test the successfulness of a title for investigation

Simple

Measurable

Achievable

Realistic

Timed

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Reliability

The extent to which sample data reflects the greater whole

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Hypothesis

A proposition as a provisional assumption to guide an investigation

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Secondary Data

Information which is derived from published documentary sources that has been analysed

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Quantitative

Data that is statistical data which consists of numbers. It is objective and should be value free

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Random sampling

Method of sampling in which all the elements of data have an equal chance of selection

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Pragmatic sampling

Method of sampling in which the samples are chosen from those that are easily and safely available

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Reconnaissance

An examination or survey of the general geological characteristics of a region

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Primary data

Unprocessed information which means information collected through fieldwork investigation or material derived from other sources that has not been analysed and/or interpreted in any way

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