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...process fo housing improvement whereby an area that was formerly poor and rundown is rehabilitated in a piecemeal fashion, intially by the action of wealthier individuals of groups who have moved into the area. It also involved the displacement of low-income groups by more affluent people..

1) Run down areas are populated by those who do not have the resources to improve the quality of the housing in which they live -> includes single parents, unemployed, low income groups, retirees, new immigrants, students, the ill and disabled

2) Urban Pioneers/Early Adopters bored with the surburbs, unable to afford the house prices and wanting to be closer to the city centre, look for areas with potential for development

3) They buy poor qualit properties and buildings for low prices in unfashionable, run-down areas but are willing to tolerate the problems associated with the inner city

4) This improves the quality of housing as they renovate, refurbish and repair run down properties and convert industrial buildins to residential use

5) This attracts middle/upper income groups to the area who have the money to invest in properties -> they want more or better amenities and have more disposable income.

6) As a resut, new businesses, with an upmarket appeal, spring up to cater for them, taking over vacant sites of displacing existing shops and services. For example, Cafes become trendy coffee shops, local pubs become wine bars/gastro-pubs; grocery shops become delicatessens and charity shops become antique shops

7) These new businesses improve the area even further and attract more new people and the wealth of the neghibourhood increases

8) Developers spot the potential for makign a profit and start to but up properties, such as warehouses and factories for development into residences and business premises

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Impacts of Gentrification


  • Leads to the improvement in the built environment
  • It can also increase the ta income for the local authority who can then offer improved services to disadvantages groups
  • The refurbishment of properties can lead to an increase in employment such as interior design, building work, decorating or design and maintenence
  • Residents can sell off properties to make a large profit


  • Those on low incomes have to leave the area
  • Those in rented properties may find that landlords, eager to cash in, improve properties and push up rents, forcing them to leave
  • Displacement - sometimes landlords apply unlawful pressure on residents to get them to move out of rented property to make way for wealtheir incomers
  • It can lead to social tensions between original and wealthier newcomers
  • The incomers are usually wealthier than existing residents and prices go up so lower income groups are priced out of the housing market
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