Old Testament – GENESIS 1:26 STYWARD SHIP TO THE ANIMALS humans must NOT genetically engineer animals.
GENESIS 1:27 GOD MADE MAN IN HIS IMAGE, we were made in God’s image so we must not abuse our image.
Jesus – love thy neighbour (we should not harm anyone or risk harming them by genetically engineering crops or people) love God, by going against genesis we are not loving God.
St Paul – Agape, we are showing unconditional love if we genetically engineer for the right reasons.
Joseph Fletcher situation ethics – we must do the most loving thing which could be to end starvation and genetically engineer crops.
Sanctity of life – life is sacred and therefore we must not change it nor change it uncertain of the outcome (life, death, mutation, shorter life span, illness)
Your duty as the scientist is to help people, not to figure out how to change their dna.
Humans are the higher being, it should be allowed to genetically test animals for the best of humans.
Can it be universalised? Possibly, it is uncertain.
Treat people as an end in themselves? You should not scientifically test on someone just because you want to understand it and to help other people. You must help that specific person. However, animals are an exception.
Kingdom of ends? No because society would partly fail but partly reach the ultimate happiness summon bonum. You’re not certain of the outcome nor acknowledge it as a Kantian.
The principle of utility, do the greatest good for the greatest number. The greatest good would be to save lots of lives, the greatest good would be to stop starvation for the most amount of people.
RULE – the rule we can apply to the whole of society is that genetic engineering should be allowed but can be broken if it causes harm.
QUALITY NOT QUANTITY – if you can create a good quality of life for someone it is better than a possible good quality of life for many people we are unsure of.
HIGHER AND LOWER PLEASURES. If it helps improve the minds capacity and usage then it is allowed, if it does not help but instead helps perform actions with the rest of our lower pleasures then it is not as acceptable.
ACT – Apply the principle of utility.
HEDONIC CALCULUS, how much pleasure will it bring? What is the duration of the pleasure? What is the certainty? Of course in some cases it does backfire.
Preference utilitarianism: MAXIMISING PLEASURE MINIMISING PAIN, would allow it however you cannot be certain of the outcome.
Preservation of life, to preserve life if genetic engineering’s purpose is to preserve life then it is acceptable.
Order in society, if everyone in society was to have their face genetically engineered would it be ok? If disease spread due to genetic engineering society would not be ordered and many could die.
Worship God, god made us the way we were “in gods image” so we should not change that unless it preserves our life.
Reproduction, if it helps reproduce then it is allowed.
REAL AND APPARENT GOODS – the real good is to use it for life, the apparent good is to use it for appearances. The real good is to leave things the way they are the apparent good is to run the risk of mutating crops in the hope more food is sustained.
GENESIS 1:26 WE ARE THE STYWARDS OF THE ANIMALS – therefore we must not damage or hurt them for our good!