Genetic Engineering

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 09-06-13 20:44

How GE is done

Useful gene cut from one organisms chromosome using enzymes.

Enzyme's then used to cut another organism's to insert useful gene.

This produces genetically modified organisms.

Enzymes used to cut the DNA called Restriction Enzymes.

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Uses

REDUCING VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY

Beta-carotene used in our bodies to produce vitamin A.

Golden rice - variety of GM rice.

Contains two genes from other organisms which enable rice to produce beta-carotene.

PRODUCING HUMAN INSULIN

Human insulin gene inserted into bacteria to produce insulin.

INCREASING CROP YIELD

GM crops have had genes modified (Make them resistant to herbicide)

Fields of crops sprayed with herbicide and all plants except GM crop killed.

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