Genetic Factors That Affect Develpoment

  • Created by: Flora
  • Created on: 05-11-18 18:22

Directly Caused By Genetic Mutations Include

As well as determining characteristics such as eye and hair colour, your genes can also directly cause or increase your risk of developing a wide range of medical conditions.

Although not always the case, many of these conditions occur when a child inherits a specific altered (mutated) version of a particular gene from one or both of their parents.

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Muscular Dystrophy

Group of  muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time. The disorders differ in which muscles are primarily affected, the degree of weakness, how fast they worsen, and when symptoms begin. This will affect the individuals physical development because of the disability the conditiion causes the person. As well as this, the intellectual development is afected due to the fact that vital school time might be missed because of attending regular appointments and other variables.

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Down's syndrome

Known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is typically associated with physical growth delays, characteristic facial features, and mild to moderate intellectual disability. Furthermore,  affects a child's normal physical development and causes learning difficulties which will have an impact on their intellectual development.

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Cystic Fibrosis

Genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine. Long-term issues include difficulty breathing and coughing up mucus as a result of frequent lung infections. This mainly affects physical development but could also impact the time spent at school so potentially intellectual development could come into play.

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Lynch Syndrome

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic condition that has a high risk of colon cancer as well as other cancers including endometrial cancer (second most common), ovary, stomach, small intestine, hepatobiliary tract, upper urinary tract, brain, and skin.

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