Generating Electricity from Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Power

  • Created by: reviseLIV
  • Created on: 20-12-16 17:44

Generating Electricity

- Most useful form of energy is electricity

- It is easy to generate and it easily transforms into other useful forms of energy e.g. light and heat

- Over 90% of the UK's electricity is generated in large power stations using fossil fuels e.g. coal, oil or gas, or y using nuclear power

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Advantages of fossil fuels and nuclear power

- Cheaper cost of electricity

- Can be generated on a large scale

- Uninterrupted supply

- Can be built anywhere

- Nuclear power stations don't produce any carbon dioxide when generating the electricity

- Nuclear power stations do not contribute to acid rain because it doesn't produce sulfur dioxide or oxides of nitrogen

- Nuclear power stations use very small amounts of fuel to produce very large amounts of electricity and only leave small amounts of waste

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Disadvantages of fossil fuels and nuclear power

- Very expensive to build

- Fossil fuels contribute to acid rain because of the sulfur and nitrogen impurities in fossil fuels which make sulfur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen

- Coal mining and oil or gas extraction have large effects on the environment

- Large-scale *****-mining of coal produces huge scars on the landscape and the extraction and transportation of oil can produce large amounts of pollution when things go wrong

- Fossil fuel power stations produce large amounts of carbon dioxide, contributing to the greenhouse effect and global warming

- Nuclear Power Stations require very expensive and robust safety systems

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