Gender and Religion
Davie: women and men see God differently
For women: a god of love, comfort and forgiveness
For men: a god of power and control.
Why are women more religious?
Miller and Hoffman:
Women are more interested in religion
Women have stronger commitment
Women attend church more
Women become more religious after marriage and child bearing
He see's a link between caring for others and having a religious outlook
Miller and Hoffman
Females are taught to be more submissive, passive and obediant. Therefore, they are more likely to be a willing follower of a particular religion.
Females work less paid work than men, women have more time for church activities, women have a great need for personal identity whereas men get this from work. The caring role of mother makes them more sympathetic to religious views.
Women and New Religious Movements
Thompson: Economic Deprivation
Women are more likely to experience poverty. Sects often give hope and practical help to such.
Glock and Stark: Other types of Deprivation
Social Deprivation: lack of status and power leads a person to search for for this within Sects. Women often feel a low sense of worth as society doesn't value their roles as a spouse and mother.
Organismic Deprivation: those who suffer physical and mental problems find healing through the form of Sects.
Ethical Deprivation: by seeing moral decline, people are attracted by groups who want to live in a different way
New Age Movements
Many are highly privatised and individualistic types of religious activities.
Women are more likely to want to improve themselves and see cults as a way forward.
Many promote that the qualities of nature and women are often given higher status than men in such beliefs e.g. mother nature philosophies.