GCSE Short Course RS

Revision cards for the Marriage and Family section of the course

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Reasons for Marriage

Reasons for a Christian marriage:

®   So that couples can have a life long relationship of love and faithfulness

®   So that a couple can have the support and comfort of each other

®   For the procreation of children

®   For the bringing up of a Christian family

 

Reasons for marriage (non religious):

®   Restrict sex to each other (less STDs in world)

®   Children are happiest when brought up by two married parents in a stable family

®   A stable family requires a legal framework which is given by marriage

®   People are most likely going to stay together if married

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Marriage

What are the reasons for marriage?

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Christian Marriage

Reasons for a Christian marriage:

®   So that couples can have a life long relationship of love and faithfulness

®   So that a couple can have the support and comfort of each other

®   For the procreation of children

®   For the bringing up of a Christian family

 

Features of a Christian Marriage:

®   Readings from the bible (advice on marriage)

®   Exchange of rings (symbolises the unending nature of marriage)

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Marriage

Why do Christians get married?

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Islam and Marriage

Reasons for Marriage (Islam):

®   For the procreation of children

®   So that the couple can follow the example of the Prophet Muhammad

®   For the bringing up of children in a Muslim family

®   So that a couple can enjoy sex in the way God intended

 

Traditions in the Marriage ceremony (Islam):

®   Groom gives a gift to the bride (Mahr)

®   Read passages from the Quran

®   Both sign a contract in front of at least two witnesses

®   Prayers for the future of the marriage and the gift of children, given by the imam.

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Marriage

What do Muslims believe about marriage?

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Premarital Sex

Points for sex before marriage:

®   Connect better

®   Have more experience

®   No tie downs

 

Points against sex before marriage:

®   Teenage pregnancy

®   Virginity

®   Traditional

®   Religion

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Premartital Sex

What are the reasons for and against having sex before marriage?

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Christianity and Premarital Sex

Christian attitude to premarital sex:

Completely wrong because:

®   Sex was given to humans by God for the procreation of children so it must take place within a married family

®   The bible says that fornication (pre-marital sex and promiscuity) is sinful

®   All the churches teach that pre-marital sex is wrong

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Christianity and Premarital Sex

What do Christians believe about premarital sex?

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Islam and Premarital Sex

Muslim attitude to premarital sex:

®   Forbidden by the Quran, also says girls and boys should be separated after puberty

®   The Shari’ah says that sex should only take place in marriage

®   The primary purpose of sex in Islam is for the procreation of children, and children should only be born in to a family where the mother and the father are married

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Islam and Premarital Sex

What do Muslims beleive about sex before marriage?

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Christian Attitudes to Divorce

Roman Catholic attitudes to divorce:

®   Does not allow divorce

®   Divorce can only happen if one dies

®   Allow annulments

 

Protestant / orthodox attitudes to divorce:

®   Divorce is wrong, but possible

®   Might be “the lesser of two evils”

 

Church of England attitudes to divorce:

®   Disapproves but allows divorce

®   Might be “the lesser of two evils”

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Christianity and Divorce

What do Christians believe about divorce?

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Islam and Divorce

Divorce in Islam Attitudes (2):

Attitude 1:

®   They believe it is wrong because in the Hadith Muhammad says it is the most hated of things

®   Marriages arranged by family so want to keep the marriage working

 

Attitude 2:

®   Divorce is allowed because the Quran allows it

®   The Shariah allows divorce and has rules on how it should be dealt with

®   Marriage is a contract in Islam, so can be ended

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Islam and Divorce

What attitudes do Muslims have to divorce?

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Steps to Divorce in Islam

Steps to Divorce (Islam):

Step 1:

®   3 month period of waiting (Iddah)

®   Couple reconsider their position

®   Stay in the same home, no physical contact

®   Financial duties for women must be met

®   If it was the husband who applied for a divorce, he must announce it 3 times during iddah

Step 2:

®   Extended family get involved

®   A member on each side of the family will mediate for the couple

Step 3:

®   If divorce continues, both parents are now free to remarry

®   Husband gets legal custody (to pay or look after the children)

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Steps to Divorce in Islam

How would a Muslim obtain a divorce?

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Islam and Family Life

Why family life is important to Muslims:

®   Children are a gift from god and Muslims will be judged by God on how well they brought up their children

®   Muslims are expected to follow the Prophet Muhammad who married and raised a family

®   Family was created by God and the perfect society for children to be brought up, without it society would collapse

®   The family is the place where children are taught the difference between right and wrong, without families there would be much more evil in the world

®   To carry on with the Islamic faith

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Islam and Family Life

Why is family life very important for Muslims?

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Christianity and Family Life

Christian teachings on family life:

®   Christian children should respect their parents as they are instructed in the fourth commandment and in Paul’s teachings

®   Christian parents should follow Paul’s teachings and treat their children well

®   Christian parents are also expected to provide their children with the necessities of life and ensure they are educated and brought up in the Christian religion

®   Christian children are expected to care for their parents when they are no longer capable of caring for themselves

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Christianity and Family Life

Why is family life very important for Christians?

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Reasons For and Against Cohabitation

Points for Cohabitation:

®   No big decision, no commitment

®   Can find another partner

®   Can separate (no vows)

®   Tests what married life is like

®   Cheap to live (rent shared) and split (no divorce payments)

 

Points against Cohabitation:

®   Might give up on relationship

®   Lack of commitment – too easy a relationship

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Cohabitation

What are the reasons for and against living together before marriage (cohabitation)?

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Christian and Muslim Attitudes to Cohabitation

Christian Attitude to Cohabitation:

®   Very wrong as sex was given to humans by God for the procreation of children

®   Bible says fornication is sinful

®   All churches say it is sinful

®   Children should be in a Christian marriage

 

Islamic Attitude to Cohabitation:

®   Forbidden by the Quran, says girls and should be separated at puberty

®   Shariah says sex should only take place in marriage

®   Reason of sex is procreation of children, which should only be raised in a family

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Cohabitation

What do Christians and Muslims believe about cohabitation?

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