GCSE RE: Religious and Spiritual Experience


  • Created by: clare
  • Created on: 11-04-11 11:12


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Christian Beliefs

  • Worship - worthiness, act of love for God
  • We develop spiritually through worship - getting closer to God
  • Through worship, we praise and adore God

Communal worship

  • Services, masses, funerals, sacraments, prayer groups
  • Votive mass - on a particular theme e.g. lleavers mass - hymns and readings are different
  • Holy communion - Catholics beleive Jesus truly becomes the body and blood - consecration
  • Other christians believe it is just a symbol of the last supper and Christs sacrifice
  • Hymns - express thanks and praise for God
  • Readings, Gospels and sermons - word of God, relates to everyday life

Private Worship

  • Alone in quiet prayer - own prayer, reading a prayer, saying the rosary
  • Reading the bible
  • Meditation
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Symbolism in Worship

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Objects, Sacraments and pictures

  • Baptism - water symbolises cleansing of original sin, new life
  • Candles - light of Christ
  • Oil - Used to anoint with the sign of the cross
  • Holy water - affirming baptism with a sign of the cross, purity, lifegiving
  • Incense - prayers going up to God, sweet smell involves all the sences in worship
  • Dove - peace, Holy spirit, Christs baptism
  • Crucifix - Jesus sacrafice
  • Cross - Christ overcoming death

Colours - Usually the colour of the priests vestments

  • Purple - (advent and lent) times of penance
  • White - (easter and christmas) purity, memory of resurrection
  • Gold - (easter and christmas) celebrating important festivals
  • Rose - (3rd Sunday of Advent and 4th Sunday of Lent) anticipation for the coming event
  • Red - Pentecost, coming of the Holy Spirit, remembering Jesus' suffering
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Use of Music and Art in Christian Worship

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  • Communal singing allows people to worship as one body
  • Hymns used to praise and thank God - organs, guitars, gospel choirs
  • Lyrics in a song are sung directly to God
  • Quiet instrumental used for meditation


  • Way to express beliefs about God
  • Statues, needlework, paintings, stained glass
  • Brings people closer to God - awe and wonder, beauty
  • Important when people couldn't read - way of understanding

In Churches

  • Stations of the cross - remind people of Jesus' suffering
  • Icons - Mary, Jesus, God, Saints, Apostles - contain symbols
  • Stained glass windows - explain stories in the Bible, light shows God's purity
  • Some churches don't use art - distraction from God, doesn't fully represent God's greatness
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Prayer and Meditation

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  • Way of communicating with God
  • God wants us to pray often and listen his response, which will deepen our relationship with him.
  • Quote - "The eyes of the Lord are apon the righteous, and his ears are attentive to thier prayer" (Peter)
  • Jesus went into the desert for 40 days to pray
  • He stayed awake to pray and encouraged the desciples to do the same
  • He prayed on the cross before he died.

Types of Prayer

  • Confessions - saying sorry for God for our sins
  • Thanks and adoration
  • Concern for others
  • Asking for something - help, healing, guidance
  • Private prayer
  • Responses in church
  • Well known prayers - our father, hail mary
  • Meditation

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Food and Fasting in Christianity

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  • Going without food or water, to get closer to God and remember Jesus resisting the devils temptation in the desert.
  • Quote - "Man must live on bread alone, but by every word that come from the mouth of God" (Matthew)
  • Jesus said fasting should be personal, not to baost about
  • Christians believe, as 'stewards', we should eat food that was produced without cruelty or chemicals.


  • Some Christians give up luxery things, such as chocolate, to remind them that they must rely on God and as a reminder of Jesus in the desert for 40 days
  • Teaches us to resist temptation and have self -control
  • Some do kind and genorous acts, such as donating or raising money for charity.


  • In communion, the bread and wine turns into Jesus' body and blood, as it did at the last supper
  • Quote - "This is my body, which is for you, do this in rememberance of me" (Corinthians)
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Joe Moore


Found this very useful.

Thank you.

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