GCSE RE Matters of Life and Death

Non-religious Belief in Life after Death

People without faith have different views about life after death:

  • people such as mediums claim that they are able to contact the dead 
  • people who have experienced near-death experiences say that they see a bright light or tunnel, wen they are pronounced dead for a short while. this convinces that there is a afterlife. Roman catholic church does not accept this as proof of an afterlife
  • reincarnation can be considered as a religius experience as hindus ans sikhs believe in it. many non-religious people believe it because of deja-vu or memories from past lives 
1 of 7

Non-belief in Life after Death

There are several reasone why some people do not believe in life after death:

  • there is no proof of life after death
  • where can this life physically be? they have travlled and not found it
  • they believe that religion offers no good reason to believe in life after death
  • they believe that science provides better answers, making life after death impossible
  • they believe that mediums and other people are just tricking people and giving them false hope
  • they believe that when a person dies the body rots, so how can the person live again
  • they believe life after death is imply impossible - we are either dead or alive

For some people the concepts of Heavn and Hell are outdated and that they are a way in which religion can contro, the behavior of its followers. 

Centuries ago some Christian Churches used the idea of Hell to frighten people and make them live a good life and follow the teaching sof the Church. 

2 of 7

The Nature of Abortion and Abortion Legislation

  • abortion is highly controversial, everyone has opinion about it, some form this form religion and some form woman's point of view
  • some believe that human life begins at conception and others believe that it is not human until the baby is born 
  • abortion became legal in the UK in 1967, the 1967 abortion act and human fertilisation and embryology act of 1990 form the current abortion law in UK
  • under existing law an abortion can take place up to the 24th week of pregnancy, if two doctors agree that
  • continuing would pose a risk to physical or mental health of mother
  • if the child was to be born it would be disabled severely
  • the existing children may suffer physically and mentally if new child is born 
  • abortion is allowed after 24 weeks if there is
  • a risk to the life of the mother
  • evidence that the baby will be severely disabled if born
  • evidence that woman will be at risk of physical or mental injury 
3 of 7

Abortion Rights and Pro Life

Abortion Rights

  • some people believe that abortion is acceptable, and they believe it is the woman's right to choose this is called 'pro-choice'
  • they believe that it is the woman's right to decide what happens to her own body 
  • in cases such as ****, the child may be unwanted and abortion is better to prevent woman from long-term illness
  • abortion is better if woman cannot give child a good standard of living 
  • claim that if abortions were illegal then many women would seek back-street abortion and risk their health


  • some people believe that abortion is not acceptable and that unborn child has right to life, this is seen as 'pro-life'
  • life begins at conception, all life special should be taken away
  • argue that unborn child should have same rights as anyone else
  • promote adoption as loving parents can have child, argue that disabled children are important like any other child and can live happy lives 
4 of 7

The Nature of Euthanasia

  • Christians believe that life can only be taken by God and natural death should occur 
  • switching off life support machine when patient is 'brain-dead' is permissible in UK and not considered as euthanasia 
  • in UK all forms of euthanasia are illegal and can be sent to prison because of it 
  • some people want the law to be changed as they believe euthanasia is ok:
  • a person should be allowed to make decisions about their own life
  • it allows a person to die in dignity rather than suffer 
  • medicines keep people alive but are of poor quality 
  • it saves medical costs 
  • it stops families from watching relatives suffer and slowly die 
  • non-religious arguements against euthanasia 
  • a doctor's job is to save lives not end them 
  • patients may believe that doctor is not doing everything possible to save them 
  • ill or elderly might be forced by selfish relatives 
  • its not possible for those of sound mind
  • hospices can provide full and good care for dying 
  • a cure may be found for illness 
5 of 7

The Causes of World Poverty

LEDC (Less Economically Developed Countries) these are countries that are less wealthy and are underdeveloped. Ethiopia, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe 

  • they frequently suffer from famine 
  • they suffer from natural disasters that destroy their fragile economics 
  • they have a low life expectancy 
  • they have a poor quality of life and need the support of richer nations to help them 

MEDS (More Economically Developed Countries) these are more wealthy, more powerful countries UK, USA Australia and France

  • they have enough and often surplus food in their country 
  • they do not experience as many natural disasters 
  • they have a high life expectancy 
  • they have quality of life and are often owed money in debt repayments from poorer nations 
6 of 7

The Causes of World Poverty II

Dirty Water- LEDCs don't have clean drinking water, faced with of drinking unsafe water and having diseases. children die of stomach upsets  by dirty water. Lack of health, education, basic facilities prevent a country from developing 

War- many LEDCs suffer from war, effects destroy homes, buildings etc. communities and families broken up. unable to work or educated. creates refugees, may seek refuge in neighbour country 

Natural Disasters- LEDCs are where natural disasters take place. fragile economy cannot support suffering. grow cash cops rather than feed people

Debt- LEDCs suffer from debt as borrow money from MEDCs. struggle to make repayments as interest rises. any money goes to debt rather than development or health care

Corrupt Governments- LEDCs suger from governments as money does not go where needed.

HIV and AIDS- LEDCs have spread of these diseases, half population die because of these. cure too expensive. children work to support family, miss education and in poverty trap 

7 of 7


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Life and death resources »