GCSE Philosophy and Ethics (OCR): Religion and Equality

These cards detail the Equality unit in the Philosophy and Applied Ethics (OCR) gcse specification. Credit to the textbook that goes with this specification.

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  • Created by: Becky_
  • Created on: 05-04-12 18:50

What Is Equality?

  • Treating people as equals regardless of gender, race, or religious beliefs - UN Declaration of Human Rights

Equality is linked to prejudice and discrimination:

  • Prejudice: an idea or feeling which one person holds and which affects another person
  • Discrimination: action based on prejudice

Christian Attitudes to Equality:

* The Bible teaches that all humans are made 'in the image of God' (Genesis 1:27), as a result of God's attitude to humans, we should treat others with the same respect

'Love your neighbour as yourself' (Luke 10:27 - a.k.a. The Golden Rule) - treat others in the way they should wish to be treated

'When an alien lives with you in your land, do not ill-treat him' (Leviticus 19:33-34)

* 'There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus' (Galatians 3:28)

*'Don't show favouritism' (James 2:1)

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Christian Attitudes Towards Racism & Gender

Some examples of Christianity and racism in the past include The Slave Trade (the Dutch Reformed Church supported slavery), the Crusades, the voyages of exploration in the 16th century

A quote from 1 Corinthians 7:21-22 supports slavery; 'Were you a slave when called? Do not be concerned about it'

Today the Christian church condemns all forms of slavery. A famous key-thinker, Trevor Huddleston also fought against the apartheid of South Africa which was later abolished in 1994.

Sexism: A form of prejudice based on gender, typically against women

  • Christians have felt that men and women have different roles; 'Women should remain silent in the churches' (1 Corinthians 14:34)
  • 'The head of the woman is man' (1 Corinthians 11:3)
  • However, Christians today feel that men and women should be given equal opportunities

Role of Women In the Church: Roman Catholics - believe that women should not be accepted as priests as only men should say the words of Jesus

  • CofE (since 1994), methodist, baptists etc, have accepted women in their ministry 
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Forgiveness and Reconciliation

  • Forgiveness: When we forgive people for something which they have done wrong
  • Reconciliation: the ending of a dispute or the restoring of a good relationship between people who have been in dispute

- Christians believe they should follow the example of Jesus: 'Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you' (Matthew 5:43). Jesus also teaches this in the Parable of the Woman taken in Adultery.

* 'Love your neighbour as yourself' (Matthew 22:39)

* 'Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive everyone who sins against us' (Luke 11:4) meaning, if we wish to be forgiven by God, we should be prepared to forgive other people

Reconciliation: In the Roman Catholic church, a person can be forgiven through the Sacrament of Reconciliation (Confession), where they confess to a priest and the priest amends for their actions through prayer and repentance

Sacrament of the Eucharist:

- Christians believe that God sent Jesus to be sacrificed on the cross in order to reconcile God with humanity. Humans are forgiven through this at the Eucharist.

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Attitudes Towards Other Religions

Evangelism: Where Christians should try to encourage everyone to become members of their faith ('spread the gospel') : 'Go and make disciples of all nations' (Matthew 28:16)

  • Christians believe that only Christianity has the complete truth about God; 'the Church still the obligation and also the sacred right to evangelise all men' (Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church)
  • Other Christians believe that if people are following their own religion then they are also worshipping God

Missionaries: 'I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except by me' (John 14:6)

  • Old Missionary workers felt it was their duty to convert as many people as possible, St Paul was a famous missionary
  • Modern Missionary workers are still concerned with spreading Christian message but their main purpose is to help people in developing countries by following the example of Jesus

Ecumenism: the movement that unites Christians of different denominations e.g. World Council of Churches, Taize in France for young people (ecumenical community)

Proselytising: Trying to convert people from their religion to yours

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Quote Bank for Equality

  • 'Love your neighbour as yourself' (Luke 10:27 - a.k.a. The Golden Rule)
  • 'When an alien lives with you in your land, do not ill-treat him' (Leviticus 19:33)
  • 'There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus' (Galatians 3:28)
  • 'Don't show favouritism' (James 2:1)
  • 'So God created mankind in his own image' (Genesis 1:27)
  • 'Were you a slave when called? Do not be concerned about it' (1 Corinthians)
  • 'Women should remain silent in the churches' (1 Corinthians 14:34)
  • 'The head of the woman is man' (1 Corinthians 11:3)
  • 'Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you' (Matthew 5:43). 
  • 'Go and make disciples of all nations' (Matthew 28:16)
  • 'The Church still the obligation and also the sacred right to evangelise all men' (Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church)
  • 'I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except by me' (John 14:6)
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Comments

MRS T

Very helpful

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