GCSE PE, Unit 1.

Revision cards for GCSE PE unit 1.

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Age.

Age

  • Flexibility, strength, oxygen capacity decreases as age increases.
  • Skill level increases with age and experience.
  • Longer recovery time when older.
  • Age divisions are needed for fair game.
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Disability.

Disability

  • Physical, mental, permanent or temporary.
  • Adaptations can be made:

o  Paralympics, wheelchair basketball etc

o  Sports, rules (such as travelling) etc

o  Equipment, ball-bearings in football etc

o  Classifications, Athletics use letters (T for track and F for field) etc

  • Facilities- access,parking,provision.
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Gender

Gender

Physical difference

Body shape, size and physique

  • Females are smaller
  • Females have larger pelvis
  • Females have higher % of fat
  • More fat = heavier
  • Running style is less efficient
  • Smaller muscles = weaker
  • Females have smaller heart and lungs
  • Smaller hearts will pump less oxygen to muscles
  • Take longer to recover
  • Males are 40-50% stronger and more powerful
  • Perform better in sports that need more power


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Gender

Physical difference

Menstruation

  • Females suffer from hormonal imbalance
  • Cramps decrease participation
  • Ligaments weaken making females prone to more injuries
  • Females and Males don’t compete against each other in physical sports because:

o   Injuries are easily caused

o   Women are disadvantaged meaning it is unequal


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Physique.

Physique - Somatotypes

 (http://ratemyarms.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/body-types-bodybuilding-ecto-meso-endo-classify.png)

 

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Physique.

Endomorph

  • Large, high amount of fat,wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness. 

Eg. Rugby players, Sumo

 Mesomorph

  • Huge strong bones,big chested- body mass well proportioned

Eg. Swimmer

 Ectomorph

  • Long, fragile, small bodies, slender and thin narrow shoulders and hips, minimal muscle and body fat.

Eg. Jockey, Gymnastics, Dancer

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Environment

Environment

Weather

  • Can’t train or compete in some conditions

Pollution

  • Affects breathing especially for endurance events

Terrain

  • Different terrains affect the performer, certain terrain needed for sport:

o Slopes and snow for Skier

o Surf and sea for Surfer

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Environment

Environment

Humidity

  • Struggle to keep body cool and leads to dehydration

Heat

  • Suffer from dehydration and hypothermia

Altitude

  • Increases oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, popular with long distance runners.
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Risk and Challenge

Risk and Challenge

  • Different environments = different risks
  • Risk assessment = spotting hazards or dangers
  • Risk control = spotting dangers before activity
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Activity levels

Activity levels

Activity needs

  • Competitive - Highly committed, professionals, involves some for of contest,rivalry or game
  • Recreational - not as demanding, at a convenient time, amusement or relaxation

Activity effects

  • High levels - improve body shape and posture, reducing illness, improve basic levels of strength,stamina and flexibilit
  • Low levels - no or little positive effect
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Training

Training

Levels of participation

Pre-season

  • increase fitness
  • friendly matches
  • team building tour
  • basic skills
  • diet modification

Peak season

  • increase intensity of training
  • matches
  • analyse performance


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Training

Training

Levels of participation

Post season

  • maintain basic fitness/skill
  • relax
  • recovery
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Comments

Adam Oliver IS MY GOD


Very good-Adam Oliver

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