A note given special emphasis, either because of it's prominent position, or because it is marke with a symbol (such as >) to indicate that it should stand out.
An ornament, printed as a small not with a slash through its tail, which is played as quickly as possible before the main note that follows it.
A sharp, flat or natural sign used during the course of a composition rather that as part of the key signature.
An instrument with hand-operated bellows that force air to vibrate with metal reeds. The sound is controlled from small buttons on both sides of the bellows, although piano accordions have a small vertical keyboard on the right-hand side instead of buttons. This instrument is often used in folk music.
An added 6th chord
A chord formed from a triad plus a 6th above the root.
The slow introductory section in a performance of North Indian rag. The soloist introduces the notes of the rag in free time, accompanied by a drone.
A low female voice. Alto parts can also be performed by men singing falsetto.
A clef which indicates that middle C is on the middle line of the stave.
One or more weak-beat notes before the first strong beat of a phrase. Often called "pick up" in jazz and pop music.
An instruction for a string player to use the bow, usually after playing pizzicato.
A chord played as succesive rather than aimultaneous notes.
The precise way in which notes are played, such as legato, staccato or accented.
Western music that is not in a key or a mode and that is often dissonant.
A proportionate increase in the note lenghts of a melody.
Opposite of diminution
A chord consisting of two majoy 3rds stacked above eachother (e.g. C-E-G#)
A term used in pop music to describe accenting the normally weak second and fourth beats in 4/4 time.
Sung parts that accompany the main singer in a pop song. Sometimes labelled in scores as bvox.
A west-African xylophone with wooden bars and resonators made from bottle-shaped gourds.
A large bamboo flute with fingerholes but no keys. One of the oldest Indian instruments.
A small drum from west africe, made from a gourd, with a head of thin goatskin.