- Sonata form.
- No introduction - three beats and in.
- Exposition - 1st subject, bridge passage, 2nd subject, repeat.
- Development - material from 1st subject.
- Recapitulation - material from exposition in the tonic key (G minor), bridge passage extended, coda longer.
- Periodic phrasing throughout.
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Rhythm, Metre and Tempo
- Molto allegro.
- Simple quadruple time (4/4).
- Anacrusis (pushing across bar line), quavers and crotchets in first subject.
- Striking and dotted rhythms in bridge.
- Dotted rhythms and longer note values in second subject.
- Repeated quavers in accompaniment to add urgency.
- Augmentation in coda.
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- Mostly homophonic but some counterpoint in the development.
- Octave doubling of melodies is used.
- The second subject is a dialogue between strings and woodwind.
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- First subject - quiet.
- Bridge passage - loud.
- Second subject - begins quietly and grows towards the end.
- Development - begins and ends quietly but grows in the middle.
- Recapitulation - mirrors exposition.
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- G minor.
- Modulates to Bb major (relative major) in the bridge passage.
- Some chromatic writing.
- Development starts in F# and includes rapid modulations through the circle of fifths.
- Back to G minor for the recapitulation.
- Functional harmony and imperfect cadences used, with some pedals.
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- Perfect and imperfect cadences used.
- Pedals used.
- Mainly diatonic harmony with some chromaticism.
- Mainly primary triads in root and first inversion.
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- First subject - repeated falling semitone, arch-shaped, motivic (use of motifs).
- Bridge - triadic and use of sequences.
- Second subject - chromatic, "pathetique" mood, sequences, dialogue between strings and woodwind.
- Melody often in strings but is passed around in development.
- Mixture of conjunct and disjunct.
- Countermelodies used.
- Periodic phrasing.
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- One flute, two oboes, two clarinets in Bb, two bassoons, one horn in G, one horn in Bb and strings.
- Strings dominate.
- Violas accompany, cello and double bass provide bass line.
- Horns sustain harmony and add texture.
- Woodwind also sustains harmony, but shares melodic material as well, like in the second subject.
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