GCSE Music Edexcel Mozart

Cards on the structure; rhythm, metre & tempo; texture; dynamics; tonality; harmony; melody and use of instruments in "Symphony No. 40" by Mozart.

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  • Created by: Ruth
  • Created on: 25-04-11 15:33


  • Sonata form.
  • No introduction - three beats and in.
  • Exposition - 1st subject, bridge passage, 2nd subject, repeat.
  • Development - material from 1st subject.
  • Recapitulation - material from exposition in the tonic key (G minor), bridge passage extended, coda longer.
  • Periodic phrasing throughout.
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Rhythm, Metre and Tempo

  • Molto allegro.
  • Simple quadruple time (4/4).
  • Anacrusis (pushing across bar line), quavers and crotchets in first subject.
  • Striking and dotted rhythms in bridge.
  • Dotted rhythms and longer note values in second subject.
  • Repeated quavers in accompaniment to add urgency.
  • Augmentation in coda.
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  • Mostly homophonic but some counterpoint in the development.
  • Octave doubling of melodies is used.
  • The second subject is a dialogue between strings and woodwind.
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  • First subject - quiet.
  • Bridge passage - loud.
  • Second subject - begins quietly and grows towards the end.
  • Development - begins and ends quietly but grows in the middle.
  • Recapitulation - mirrors exposition.
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  • G minor.
  • Modulates to Bb major (relative major) in the bridge passage.
  • Some chromatic writing.
  • Development starts in F# and includes rapid modulations through the circle of fifths.
  • Back to G minor for the recapitulation.
  • Functional harmony and imperfect cadences used, with some pedals.
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  • Perfect and imperfect cadences used.
  • Pedals used.
  • Mainly diatonic harmony with some chromaticism.
  • Mainly primary triads in root and first inversion.
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  • First subject - repeated falling semitone, arch-shaped, motivic (use of motifs).
  • Bridge - triadic and use of sequences.
  • Second subject - chromatic, "pathetique" mood, sequences, dialogue between strings and woodwind.
  • Melody often in strings but is passed around in development.
  • Mixture of conjunct and disjunct.
  • Countermelodies used.
  • Periodic phrasing.
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  • One flute, two oboes, two clarinets in Bb, two bassoons, one horn in G, one horn in Bb and strings.
  • Strings dominate.
  • Violas accompany, cello and double bass provide bass line.
  • Horns sustain harmony and add texture.
  • Woodwind also sustains harmony, but shares melodic material as well, like in the second subject.
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These are brilliant thanks!!

Luke Tyler

Perfect! Thanks very much.


Thank you very much!!

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