GCSE Music Edexcel Handel

Cards on the structure, tonality, texture, dynamics, rhythm, metre & tempo, melody, harmony and use of instruments in "And the Glory of the Lord" by Handel.

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  • Created by: Ruth
  • Created on: 25-04-11 15:06

Structure

  • First two motifs introduced and imitated in A major.
  • Modulates to E major for a homophonic section.
  • Short orchestral link based on motif two, similar to the introduction.
  • Continues to introduce and imitate motifs.
  • (The instruments are doubling and occasionally working independently).
  • The music moves through E major to B major and back to A major for the end.
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Tonality

  • A major.
  • Two short sections in E major.
  • Modulates to B major and ends in A major.
  • The music goes to sharper, major keys which reflects the joyful mood.
  • Keys are confirmed by cadences and pedals.
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Texture

  • Overall a mixture of homophony and imitative counterpoint.
  • Some monophony.
  • Often counterpoint of two different motifs.
  • Different combination of vocal parts used.
  • Instrumental doubling of voices.
  • Silence before the end.
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Rhythm, Metre and Tempo.

  • Allegro.
  • Triple simple metre (3/4) - dance like.
  • Hemiolas used extensiely.
  • Dotted rhythms and crotchet syncopation.
  • Longer note values in fourth motif for emphasis.
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Dynamics and Melody

  • Terraced dynamics of loud and soft.
  • Four melodic motifs.
  • First - begins triadically and moves scalically, surrounds tonic.
  • Second - desceding sequences.
  • Third - repeated idea.
  • Fourth - only two notes and longer note values for emphasis.
  • Sometimes syllabic, sometimes melismatic.
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Harmony

  • Diatonic, functional harmony.
  • Perfect, imperfect and plagal cadences.
  • Primary triads in root and first inversion.
  • Chord V7 is used.
  • Dominant and inverted pedals.
  • Suspensions used.
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Instruments

  • There is a small orchestra of violins, violas, cello, double bass and harpsichord.
  • Oboes and clarinets were added later.
  • The harpsichord, cello and double bass form the basso continuo.
  • Strings double voices.
  • All instruments have a modest range.
  • Orchestra intro and links occur.
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Comments

Frenchie

Are these all the headings I need to know about each set work ?

Ruth

it's hard to judge what will come up on the paper, but I'd hope that this will cover it :)

maeve henry

the basso continuo is played by organ, cello and double bass not harpsichord

Amelia

Continuo bass is a cello and a harpsichord

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