GCSE health and social unit 1

Revison for keywords

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  • Created by: Gracia
  • Created on: 25-05-13 18:17

Life stages

Life Stages

  • Infancy (0-2 years)
  • Early Childhood (3-8 years)
  • Adolescence (9-18 years)
  • Early Adulthood (19-45 years)
  • Middle Adulthood (46-65 years)
  • Later Adulthood (65+ years)
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Growth and Development

  • Growth means an increase in size - both height and weight
  • Development means - when a person gains new skills and abilities and emotions e.g riding a bike, learning how to handle disappointment, making friends
  • Devlopmental norms/milestones - the points in a person's life where particular changes are expected to happen, eg being able to stand up for the first time
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  • Physical development - born with a number of reflexes (rooting, moro, grasp,walking)
  • Emotional development - bonding/attachment to parent, carer over time
  • Social development - parallel play, co-operative play
  • Intellectual development - language, cognitive
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Motor Skills

  • Gross Motor Skills - using large muscles to accomplish tasks e,g crawling, walking etc
  • Fine Motor Skills - prescise control of small muscles found in the fingers when picking up a small object
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  • Primary Socialisation - basic norms, attitudes and values learned from the family and home e.g learning table manners, learning how to behave
  • Secondary Socialisation - Learned outside the home from peer group during adolescence, friends and work colleagues
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  • The end of a woman's child bearing years between 45 and 55
  • Ovaries stop producing eggs, periods stop and hormone reduction is reduced
  • Night sweats and hot flushes
  • Irritability and mood swings
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Self Concept

Everyone has a view of him.herself - this is known as self-concept. It is based on the beliefs people have about themselves as a person and also what they believe others think about them. 

  • Self-esteem - what you think about yourself and your abilities
  • Self-image - what you think others think about you
  • Self-esteem and self-image add together to form self-concept
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Factors affecting growth and development

  • Genetic inheritance
  • Illness and disease
  • Smoking
  • Diet
  • Exercise
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  • Nuclear - mum, dad and children 
  • Single/lone parent - single parent living with children
  • Extended - name given to all family memebers e.g uncle, aunt,cousin (all related by blood)
  • Reconsituted - step family - mum or dad remarried living with children from each marriage and perhaps have a child together
  • Children in care - living in a care home or with a foster family
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