Section A: Reading
1) What do you learn about.....from the text - for this question you pick out relevant quotes from the text and then state what you've learnt from them
2) Explain how the headline, sub-headline and picture are effective and how they link with the text- describe what they portray and if any literary techniques are used to do so (e.g. puns, alliteration, rhetorical questions) and then say how they link with the text
3) Explain which parts of the text you find..... (e.g. tense and exciting) - only pick specific parts of the text that are tense and exciting and then explain why you think this
4) Compare the different ways in which language is used for effect in the two texts- for this question you have to find any literary techniques that are used and how they make the text effective, do not just state the techniques.
Section A: Reading part 2
Question 4 things to look out for:
- Is it in the 1st or 3rd person
- Any use of 2nd person (In second person point of view, the narrator tells the story to another character using "you")
- Descriptive (lots of adjectives), factual (statistics), formal or informal (tone) language
- Imagery, metaphors and similes - how do they work
- Onomatopoeia (word sounds like what it is e.g. buzz), alliteration
- Syntax (sentence structure) - lists, short sentences ? why are they there?
- Words to do with the meaning of the text
- Rhetorical questions
- Hyperbole (exaggeration)
- Oxymoron (two words placed together that contrast each other e.g. love/hate)
Always remember to compare throughout your answer and describe how the language is used
Section B: Writing
5) Write and article or letter etc for a website or school competition etc telling someone about something - this is pretty simple, just include appropriate detail and choose an audience depending on who or what you have to write the article for. Example structure:
Intro - anecdote to explain what your writing about
Main - give examples/ make points clearly (each paragraph), give personal opinion
Conclusion - end with a question, joke or go back to the anecdote
6) Arguing for or against a point of view - pick a side and stick with it, then pick your audience and think about your purpose, use what was described in question 4 part 2 to enhance your answer.